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A PC (Personal Computer) or Apple Mac computer that can run Windows software ..... To go to the sequence from the Start page on your CyberTracker.
How to make and use a Womens Land Use CyberTracker sequence

CyberTracker skill sharing workshop Run by Emilie Ens (CAEPR, ANU) and the Manwurrk Rangers Indigenous Women’s Land and Sea Management Forum, 1-3 June 2010, Ross River, Northern Territory, Australia 1

© Emilie Ens Dr. Emilie Ens and the Manwurrk Rangers are research partners in the People on Country Project. The People on Country Project is run through the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research at The Australian National University and funded by the Sidney Myer Foundation. The Manwurrk Rangers are employed through Warddeken Land Management Limited, an Aboriginal land management Corporation based in a remote outstation, Kabulwarnamyo, on the West Arnhem Land Plateau, Northern Territory, Australia. This manual was developed for a CyberTracker Skill sharing workshop run by Emilie Ens and the female Manwurrk Rangers (Seraine Namundja, Barbara Gurwalwal, Carol Pamkal, Jenny Nadjamerrek and Georgia Vallance) at the Indigenous Women’s Land and Sea Management Forum, held at Ross River, Northern Territory, June 1-3, 2010. It was intended as a beginners User Guide to sequence development for Indigenous Australians.

Cover photo: Kyrin Bulliwana using CyberTracker to measure buffalo damage at Makkalarl with Terrance Brown and Emilie Ens in the background; taken by David Hancock 2

Thanks to Glenn Johnstone (Australian Government, ERIN) for assisting with the Ross River map.

Table of Contents 1.! What information do you want to collect?................................................................. 4! 2.! What is CyberTracker and why is it useful to Rangers?............................................ 6! 3.! Making a CyberTracker sequence ............................................................................. 7! a.! 4 things you need .......................................................................................................................... 7! b.! Main features of CyberTracker ..................................................................................................... 9! c.! Getting started on a Womens Land Use mapping sequence ....................................................... 14! d.! Adding screens to your sequence – 1.Recorders......................................................................... 18! e.! Adding elements to the screen .................................................................................................... 20! f.! Adding photos or icons to your elements.................................................................................... 22! g.! Adding screens to your sequence – 2. Recording your track...................................................... 27! h.! Adding screens to your sequence – 3. Adding a field map to show where you are.................... 29! i.!

Adding screens to your sequence – 4. Types of information you want to collect ...................... 37!


Adding screens to your sequence – 5. Recording numbers ........................................................ 40!

k.! Adding screens to your sequence – 6. Recording someone telling a story ................................. 43! l.! m.!

Linking up your screens – very important .................................................................................. 47! Checking that it works............................................................................................................. 61!

4.! Downloading information........................................................................................ 63! a.! Raw data...................................................................................................................................... 63! b.! Making a map.............................................................................................................................. 67! c.! Operational data .......................................................................................................................... 73!

5.! Glossary – meanings of words................................................................................. 74!


1. What information do you want to collect? There is a lot of information that can be collected and lots of questions that can be asked about Indigenous Land and Sea Management (Ranger) work. This information can be used to inform Traditional owners, communities, Rangers themselves and funding bodies about Ranger activities and also to inform adaptive management plans (you can look up the meaning of this word in the Glossary at the back of this document). Three main types of information can be collected: 1. Operational data 2. Inventory data 3. Monitoring data 1. Operational data can be collected to answer the following questions: - Who is working on country? - Where are they working? - When are they working? - What are they doing? - What equipment are they using? This information can be used to show traditional owners who is working on their country, where, when and what they are doing. It can also be used to see what Rangers are doing what type of work – for example, maybe a lot of time is being spent spraying weeds but people think they should spend more time burning. The information can be used to then show what work has been done and direct how work is done in the future. For example, maybe traditional owners only want family Rangers spraying on their country or want burning to happen at a certain time of the year. This operational information can be used as evidence to show exactly what people are doing. It can also be used to show funding bodies (like the Government) what jobs people are doing, how


long they take, what equipment they use and when they are doing it. Then people can be properly paid for the work they do. If you want to collect operational data, it is very important that you take the CyberTracker unit with you and use it EVERY DAY you work so that you get accurate information. 2. Inventory data refers to what you have got and where it is, like: - types of plants - animals - waterholes - roads - bores - trucks - sheds - tools By collecting inventory data you can keep a check on what you have to look after and where it is. You can use the GPS (meaning of GPS in Glossary at back of this document) in CyberTracker to get the location of the item and make a map. This type of data can be collected at any time when you feel like it. 3. Monitoring means collecting information on how things are changing. For example, you can monitor how the population (numbers) of your favourite bush tucker plant is changing at a certain place; or how clean the water is at a creek or billabong from one year to the next. Monitoring should be done at set times and places depending on what data you are collecting. For example, the first day of the month you could check the water quality of your waterholes or in March each year you could do a frog survey. 5

2. What is CyberTracker and why is it useful to Rangers? CyberTracker is a computer program designed to help collect information or data. Data basically means information. You can also use it to answer questions you may have about how the country is changing or how, where and when the Rangers are working. Originally, CyberTracker was made in South Africa to help African bush men record animal tracks. For more information go to the website It is used all over the world by Rangers, scientists and teachers. The program can be changed around to help you collect the information you want. Words of any language, photos and sound can be used to prompt the recorder to enter information into the hand held computer. So anyone can use it. For example, if you want to collect information on where the Rangers are seeing different bush tucker, you can add photos of the different kinds of bush tucker. When you see one of them, you can tap on the photo on the computer screen to record your sighting. A GPS arrow can be placed at the bottom. If you then tap onto that arrow, you will save that bush tucker sighting and the GPS location on the computer. Then you go off and look for your next bush tucker. When you get back to the office, you can make a map of where the bush tucker was and where you went. This manual will show you how to do this. Operational, inventory and monitoring data are all set up basically in the same way using CyberTracker. You can use CyberTracker to make maps of where things are or use it to count how many bush potato plants you saw in 2009 and then again in 2010 for example. You can also use it to see how many kilometres you have driven in a day and make a map of where you went and what you saw. So it is a very useful tool to have and very easy to use after some practice. One of the real benefits of CyberTracker is that it be used to record Indigenous knowledge. Recently, in some places, Indigenous knowledge has been lost because old people didn’t talk to the young people and pass on knowledge and stories. All the 6

knowledge was spoken. Now we can use CyberTracker to make maps and record information so that it will not be lost again. In the future, people will be able to look at the information you collect and see what the country looked like when you were a Ranger, what you did and then see how the country has changed since then.

3. Making a CyberTracker sequence a. 4 things you need 1. A PC (Personal Computer) or Apple Mac computer that can run Windows software (eg through a program like VM Fusion) where you can safely keep all your CyberTracker information. The PC computer can be a desktop or laptop. We call this main computer that will be used for CyberTracker, the “Mothership”.

THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT. Why? A CyberTracker unit needs to be synchronised with ONE computer. The CyberTracker unit can only “talk” to one Mothership computer a time. So it is best if you can have one Mothership computer that is only used for CyberTracker.

A desktop PC

A laptop PC

An Apple Mac computer

2. A hand held computer or PDA (Personal digital assistant). There are different brands of hand held computers like the Trimble NOMAD, Nautiz X7 or Magellan Mobile mapper. It needs to be a touch screen computer with a Stylus (inkless pen to tap screen) 7

Trimble NOMAD

Magellan Mobile Mapper

Nautiz X7

A stylus

3. CyberTracker program which means the same as CyberTracker software. This can be downloaded FREE from the CyberTracker website Go to Free download, then download the latest release version (Version 3.125 in May 2010) onto your Mothership computer. A window will pop up. Click on the Run button and Install the program. You may need to register for the program by sending an email. The CyberTracker people will reply to your email with a code that you should enter into your program so that you can then use it. 4. An electronic map of your area in .ecw format (if you do not have internet connection)


b. Main features of CyberTracker There is a CyberTracker tutorial on the CyberTracker website ( which shows you the features of CyberTracker. The basic features of CyberTracker are the sequences, screens and elements: Sequence – the series of screens or “questions” you want to answer or things you want to record. For example the bush tucker collection sequence. Screens – each screen allows you to answer a question or enter certain information. You can set up different types of screen templates depending on what information you want. The next page shows some of the different screen templates. For example you can have a screen that asks a question like “what type of bush tucker plant did you see?” Then below that, you can have a list of the bush tucker plants and a screen which allows either the selection of only one type or many types. You could also have a screen that asks “how many of this species did you see?” with a number keypad template which allows you to type in how many you saw. Or you could have a sound recording screen where you can tap the screen to start the recording of someone talking about that plant and its uses. There are different types of screen templates available In CyberTracker which we can use to collect different types of information. Here are some examples:


Radio List – one column Only one element can be selected out of the Radio List.

Radio List – two columns Use two columns if you have a lot of choices.

Check List – one column Multiple elements can be selected in the Check List template.

Short note Allows you to type a short note

Number list – one column Number list allows counting of many elements in whole numbers 0 to 999

GPS timer set up

Number keypad Number keypad allows entry of any one number at a time, including numbers with decimal points

Camera template to take photo 10

Element – the thing you want to record. For example the names of Rangers, type of bush tucker, or the number of bush tucker plants you saw. You can view your CyberTracker sequence in different ways on the Mothership computer. There are two main views of CyberTracker which allow you to view or do different things: Applications and Reports. When you have a CyberTracker database open, click on the drop down arrow to the right of the word “Applications” to go to “Reports” view (see Figure below). To back to Applications, click on “Reports” and select Applications.

CyberTracker Applications view on a new database


CyberTracker Reports view on a new database The Applications view – allows you to view the sequence. In the applications view you can either be in Layout or Properties mode: Properties mode – the default mode in Applications view. Allows you to add screens and elements to a sequence. Layout mode – press the Layout button to go into Layout mode (see Figure below). This mode allows you to change how the screen looks. It is in Layout mode where you can add photos, add icons, make larger sized words, add a sound recording device or field map etc.


Application view showing Layout button circled in red Report view – where you can view the data and information you have collected. In Report View you can view the data in an excel spreadsheet, on a map, or as a graph. You can change the view by pressing “New View” and then selecting the view you want to see on the Mothership.


c. Getting started on a Womens Land Use mapping sequence Tip: Before you start building your sequence, it’s a good idea to talk about and write down or draw on paper what information you want to collect and what questions you want to ask and answer. In this example, we want to collect information on what bush tucker we saw on a walk and record any stories. We will collect the following information: 1. Who was involved 2. When (information automatically collected by CyberTracker) 3. The track we walked on 4. Record someone telling a story 5. What bush tucker plants we saw 6. What bush tucker animals we saw 7. Exactly where we saw the bush tucker 8. How many bush tucker plants or animals there was at each stop

Step 1: Open up the CyberTracker program on your Mothership computer by clicking on the CyberTracker logo that looks like this Step 2: Open a new database. Click on File, New database.


Step 3: Press New Screen. It’s a good idea to have a title screen to start with. This will be the first screen you see when you open the sequence on the hand held computer. So, select from the list, Title Screen with text. This is what the Mothership computer screen should look like:


Step 4: Press OK. Your Mothership screen should like the figure below (without the red box). The area within the red box is what you will see on your hand held computer after you have downloaded the sequence later.

Step 5: Making a Title Screen. Add information into your Title Screen, by entering words and photos into the Properties panel in the middle of the Mothership computer screen. See Figure below. Type in the name of the project where it says “New Screen”.


If you type Womens land use, the screen will look like this:

Step 6: To add a photo or image to your Title screen, click on the image next to the word “Image”. Two little boxes should pop up. Click on the box with the 3 dots. A larger “Load picture” pop up window will come up. Your Computer screen should look something like this:


Step 7: Find and select the photo or image you want to add to your Title screen. Then press Open. The photo should then load onto your screen like this:

d. Adding screens to your sequence – 1.Recorders Tip: First make up all your screens showing the information you want to collect. Then link them up (following Step 48 below). It’s a good idea to start by collecting information on who is involved and where you are. So after your Title screen, your 2nd screen could be a Check List of who is involved (the recorders) in the information collection at that time.


Step 8: Add a “Recorder” screen to your sequence. Click on New Screen, then select the Check List and click OK. Check Lists allow you to save the names of many people.

Step 9: Type in the name of the screen. For example, Recorders


e. Adding elements to the screen In this case, our elements are people names or the “Recorders” of the information. Step 10: Click on the elements row in the Properties panel. A little box with 3 dots should come up as shown in the figure below.

Step 11: Click on the little box with 3 dots. A window like this should pop up:


Step 12: Enter the names of the people who are going to collect the information. After each name press the “Enter” key on the keyboard, then type the next name and press Enter, until you have entered everyone. Then press OK.

Your Mothership screen should now look like this.


f. Adding photos or icons to your elements Step 13: If you want to add a photo next to someone’s name, go to Layout mode by pressing the Layout button. See Figure below. Your screen should look like this.

Step 14: Press the drop down menu arrow to the right of the word “Screen”. See Figure below. Click on “Element List”.


Step 15: Click on “Attribute” from the Properties List. See Figure below.

Step 16: Click on the Attribute drop down arrow, and select Icon 100, see figure below. This tells the screen that you are going to add a photo (Icon) for that element.


Step 17: Now we need to add the photo to that element. Go out of Layout mode by pressing the Layout button again. Then click on the Element List (shown in red circle below). Then the Edit Element Box will pop up, as shown below.

Step 18: Click on the element (person’s name) that you want to add a photo to, then press the Edit Element button in the Edit Element List pop up box. You should see this:


Step 19: Now to add a photo, click on the media tab in the Element Properties pop up box. Then click on the big space next to the Icon 100x100 box. You should see this:

Note: The icon size refers to the quality of the photo, not the actual size you will see on the screen. If you want, I can show you how to make the photo (or words) bigger. Step 20: Press the long box with the 3 dots to find and attach the photo or image from a file on your Mothership computer. Select the photo you want, press Open.


Step 21: Press OK if you are happy with that photo. Then OK again to go back to your screen view which should have a photo next to the element. As shown below. Add more photos the same way using Steps 15-19.


g. Adding screens to your sequence – 2. Recording your track Step 22: To start recording your track, create a New Screen, and choose the GPS timer set up template. Then press OK.

Step 23: Name your screen in the Properties panel by typing “Set GPS timer” in the box next to the word “caption”.


Note: When setting the GPS timer track, it is best to set the timer to about 5 seconds. What this does is record your location every 5 seconds. These locations can then be joined up on a map to show the track you took. If you are only going on a short walk, set it to 1 second. You know that the GPS timer is on, if the triangle in the Navigator panel at the bottom of the screen goes black, as shown below. You can see that the GPS is logging your position every 1 second as shown by the “1s” in the triangle.

To see you location on the map, tap the triangle and the GPS screen will come up. Click on the “Map” tab and you can see where you are! See diagram on the next page.


h. Adding screens to your sequence – 3. Adding a field map to show where you are Another benefit of CyberTracker is that you can add a field map show exactly where you are using the GPS we set up before. Step 24: Find a map of your area. The map needs to be in an .ecw format. You can use a ranger of maps such as a topographic map which is good for larger areas, or a remotely sensed map which is like a photo of the area from above. In this workshop we will use a Remote Sensing map as we are only working in a small area and it shows us a lot more information about the country. Step: Add a new screen by clicking on “New Screen”. Select the “Blank with Title and Navigator” template, then OK.


Step 25: Type in a title for the screen by clicking on the box to the right of the “Name” box and then type in “Field map” like this:

Step 26: Now go into Layout mode, by clicking on the “Layout” button. Click on “Data controls” which is in the toolbox to the right of the screen.


Step 27: From the list of data controls, press on “Field Map” You might have to scroll down to the bottom of the list using the little arrow to the right side of the panel.

Step 28: now use the mouse to click on the middle of the Field Map screen we made, then hold the mouse button down and drag it across the page so it looks like this:


Step 29: Let go of the mouse button so the screen will look like this:

Now we need to specify (choose) the map that we want to use. When you download the CyberTracker software from the internet, it automatically creates a Map folder in a CyberTracker folder in your “My Documents” folder. So we need to put the map we want to use in that Map folder. Step 30: Save your map in the Map folder which is in “My Documents” then “CyberTracker” then “Maps”.


Step 31: Now we need to tell our CyberTracker sequence where the map is. On your CyberTracker sequence, click on “Filename” then the little box with 3 dots.

Step 32: Now find your map in the folders My Documents, CyberTracker, Maps. Then press Open.


Your map should now be inserted into your CyberTracker sequence like this:

In the properties panel, un-tick the box “Position flag” and put a tick in the box “Retain state”. There need to be a bunch of numbers in the Longitude, and Latitude rows, so check that there are. If not, add the map again and make sure map is in .ecw format.


Now you have inserted your field map. So click on Layout again to go out of Layout mode. When you are out collecting data you can click on the GPS arrow at the bottom of the Navigator bar

which will open this map and show you where you are and the track you have taken. It will look something like this:

What do all the symbols mean? 35

Take GPS reading

Go to your location pan

Go to full map

Zoom in

Zoom out

Zoom to a selected area

Tapping the Position tab gives you your GPS location Tapping the Sky tab shows you where the satellites are in sky above you. Your CyberTracker “talks” to these satellites and they tell you what your GPS location is. Tapping the Signal tab show you a bar graph of how strong the satellite signals are. If they are strong they go back. The Map tab shows you your field map.


i. Adding screens to your sequence – 4. Types of information you want to collect Step 33: Now add a New Radio List screen (like you did for the Recorders screen) to outline the types of information you want to collect.

Step 34: Add elements. The elements this time are the types of information like bush tucker or recording a story.


Now we might want to collect more information on some of these things. Like different types of bush tucker and recording that story. Step 35: Add another Radio List screen to collect more information on types of bush tucker. First is it a plant or animal?


Step 36: Make another Radio List to collect information on what type of plant (species) it is. Here you could use English, your own language or even a photo. For example:


NOTE: To add photos next to these elements (plant names) follow the same Steps that we used to add the photo of the person, Steps 13-21. Step 37: Make another Radio List screen for the types of animals you might find.

j. Adding screens to your sequence – 5. Recording numbers Step 38: To record how many bush tucker plants or animals you saw, we can add a number keypad. Press New Screen, then select the Number keypad template. Give the screen a name in the Properties panel.


Step 39: Type in “How many bush tucker” next to the Result Element area as shown above. This is because we are just typing numbers into this screen, when we download the information we might not remember what the numbers mean. By typing this in here, we will give the numbers a name in the download file (see downloading section later in this manual). The “How many?” screen is the last screen in the bush tucker part of the sequence. This is where we need to save the information we have collected. Every time we collect data on a bush tucker plant or animal, the next screen will ask “How many?” then we need to SAVE the information otherwise it will be lost. Step 40: To SAVE the information, we will have to add a SAVE button to the final screen before it loops back to the start. To do this, click on the box next to “Show save 1” so that a save arrow

goes in the navigator panel. Like this:


Now, we don’t want anyone to forget to save, so we will remove the other options in the Navigator panel at the bottom of the screen. Step 41: To remove the forward and back arrows, click in the boxes next to “Show back” and “Show next” to remove the tick and the forward and back arrows on the CyberTracker screen so it should now look like this:


k. Adding screens to your sequence – 6. Recording someone telling a story To record sounds, your hand held computer needs to have an inbuilt speaker or microphone, or you can attach an external microphone. You also need to have the latest CyberTracker software Version 3.125. Ask me to download this on your computer if you don’t have it. Make sure the sound is turned up on your hand held computer. Step 42: Add a New Screen - Blank screen with title and navigator is a good one. Then click OK.


Step 43: Give the screen a name like “Record story”

Step 44: Now we want to add the sound recording device (element). Click on Layout, then data controls, then Element Recorder.


Step 45: Place your mouse on the “Record story” screen, keep the mouse button pressed down and drag it across the screen so a box opens up.

Take your finger off the mouse button so the box goes like this:

To record a story (or sound) later, you just press the red button. Press the black square to stop recording. 45

Step 46: Now we want to save the recording so it doesn’t get lost. Click the Layout button again to go out of Layout mode. Your screen should look like this:

Step 47: Now click on the box next to “Show save 1” so that the save arrow comes up. Because we want to make sure the recorder saves the story, remove the forward and back arrows by un-ticking the boxes next to “Show back” and “Show next”. Your screen should then look like this:


l. Linking up your screens – very important Now that you have made your series of screens (your sequence), you need to link them up. CyberTracker is set up like a path. You can have a main path and then tracks that go off from the path. But they all must link up like a loop.


Set up GPS track

1. Set up recording Title screen Record story 2. Do Recording

Plants How many?

Bush tucker Animals


In our sequence we basically do two things: 1. Set up the recording – who is there and starting the GPS track. 2. Do the recording – collecting information on bush tucker and recording stories If we are doing recording all day, we don’t want to keep on adding in our names. So we can split the 2 activities. We can make a “Set up” action then the “Recording” action.


Step 48: On the Title page we can add a panel which has links to the 2 different activities. To add a panel, go to Layout mode by pressing the Layout button. So your screen should like this:

Step 49: Now press the toolbox tab on the right of the screen to get this:


Step 50: Press the Data controls button and then “Element List”

Step 51: Using your mouse, click on the screen photo, hold the mouse button down an drag it across the page to open up a square panel like this:


Step 52: Go out of layout mode (press Layout button again) and click on “Elements” in the Element List. Click on the little box with 3 dots.

Step 53: Now add 2 elements – “Set up recording” and “Start recording” and press OK.


So that your screen should now look like this:

No we need to link the screens so that when you use the Cybertracker sequence you down the right path. . Step 54: In the Element List area in the Properties panel, click on the box to the right of “Set up monitoring” element. A little arrow will pop up.


Step 55: Click on the little arrow and click on the name of the screen that you want to go to next, which is the “Recorders” screen which has everyone’s names on it, press OK.

The next thing we need to do is set up the GPS to record the track of we go so we can look at it on a map later. So we need to link the “recorders” screen to the “Set GPS timer” screen. Step 56: Click on the “Recorder” screen in the Screens panel on the left of the computer.


Then click on box to the right of the “Next Screen” row in the Navigation panel. Click on “Set GPS timer”, then OK. Now they are linked. Now we need to link the “Set GPS timer” screen back to the start. Step 57: Like we did in the step above, click on “Set GPS timer” in the Screens panel and link it back to the Title screen “Womens land use”. Press OK.

Now that we have linked up the “Set up” screens, we need to link up the bush tucker information screens.


Step 58: Like we did for the “Set up recording” and “Recorders” screens, select the “Womens land use” screen from the left hand panel and link up the “Start recording” screen to the next screen which will be the “Bush tucker” screen. Press OK.

Step 59: Now click on the “Bush tucker” screen in the left hand panel. Link “Plant” element to the “Type of plant” screen. Press OK.


Step 60: Do the same to link the “Animal” element to the “Type of plant” screen.

We might want to also know how many bush tucker plants or animals there are. So we can link these screens to a number keypad. Step 61: Click on the “type of plant” screen in the left hand panel. Click on “Next screen” at the bottom of the Properties panel, select the “How many?” screen, press OK.


Step 62: Do the same for the “type of animal” screen to link it to the “How many?” screen. Because we want to save our information each time we go to the “How many?” screen, we need link the last screen through “Save 1 target”. Step 63: Now link the “How many?” screen back to the “Type of information” screen to complete the loop. Press the box next to “Save 1 target”, select “Type of information” screen, press OK. This will loop our sequence back to allow continual collection of information on bush tucker plants and animals and recording any stories.


Step 64: Now we need to link up the Story recording screen. We need to loop this back to the “Type of information” screen to let us collect more information after we have recorded the story. Open up the “record story” screen, and click on the box next to “Save 1 target”. We need link this screen using the “Save 1 target” because we are saving the information collected in this screen and after we save, we want to go back to collect more information through the “Type of information” screen (this is the target screen).

When we are all done and finished for the day, we want to stop the GPS track recording. So we can add a “Finished” screen to the end.


Step 65: Open a New Screen, and click on the GPS timer setup template. This template has an “off” button which we should press to stop the track recording.

Step 66: Name the screen “Turn GPS OFF”.


Step 67: Now we need to add a “Finished” command to the “Type of information” screen so when we have finished, we can just press this and go to the “Turn GPS OFF” screen to turn off the GPS.

Step 68: Now link the “Finished” command to the “Turn GPS OFF” screen. Press OK.


Step 69: Finally, we need to loop the “Turn GPS OFF” screen back to the start “Women Land Use” screen so when you go to use the sequence again, you can start at the beginning!

Now you have made the sequence.

VERY IMPORTANT! SAVE it to your computer in a place where you can find it next time!


m. Checking that it works Now its time to download your sequence from the Mothership to the CyberTracker unit. This is very easy once you know how. Step 70: Connect your CyberTracker unit to the Mothership using a USB cable. Then on the Mothership, press “Install Windows Mobile”.

The computer should automatically synchronise to your Unit and download the sequence.


If your Unit has not been connected to that specific Mothership computer before, you will need to synchronise them so they can “talk” to each other. So the “Synchronisation setup Wizard” window might come up. It looks like this:

If this Wizard does come up, just keep pressing the “next” buttons and then “finish”. Then press “Install Windows Mobile” on your Mothership computer screen again. A registration window might come up. If it does type in the registration key which is ct3rhino. When you download the sequence a sign might come up saying “Time is wrong”. You need to make sure the time on your CyberTracker Unit is the same as the time on your Mothership computer. When these things are done, you should be able to view your sequence on the CyberTracker unit. To go to the sequence from the Start page on your CyberTracker unit, press Start, then CyberTracker. The sequence Title page should now be on your screen.


It’s good to test that the sequence works properly before going out in the field. So go outside and pretend that you are collecting data in the bush. Check all the different parts and that the screens link up how you wanted then to. Check that the GPS is working too. Then go back to the Mothership computer and download the data to see if it worked.

4. Downloading information a. Raw data When you have collected your information, go back to the same computer you used to download the sequence. Open up CyberTracker and the sequence you used. Go to the Reports View.

It should look something like this:


Now connect your CyberTracker unit to the Mothership computer using a USB cable. The data should automatically download so that you can see it on the computer.


To see all the information you collected, you need to double-click on each item in the lower left hand panel so that each item comes up on the screen and into the spreadsheet:

To see all the data you have collected, move along each entry by clicking on the arrows circled below, and double-click on the different items so they come up in the spreadsheet.


To hear the sound recording and check that it works, click on the sound item and press the play arrow. You should hear the sound playing. If not, check back at the sound recording instructions that your computer can do it and that you have set it up properly.

To delete columns from the data spreadsheet, click on View Properties. The “Active Query Table Settings” box will appear. Select columns that you want to delete or move.


b. Making a map You can also view a map using your GPS track data which also shows the locations of the bush tucker you found and where the story was recorded. If your computer is connected to the internet you can view a Virtual Earth map (looks like Google Earth). However if you are not connected to the internet you will need to add a Field map to your CyberTracker program. Step 1: First, in Reports mode, press “New View” then “Map” open the Map view box.


A line map will come up with your points on it, something like this:

Step 2: To open your Remote Sensing map that you saved in your CyberTracker Map file, press on “View Properties”. Then click on the “Image” tab.


Step 3: Now select the map file by going to where you saved it the CyberTracker folder in My Documents. And click Open.

Your map should come up on the screen like this:

Then click OK 69

Because I have given you a small map of the area, we need to Zoom in on that map to see where our track is. Step 4: Click on the magnifying glass icon. Place the mouse next to the map, hold the mouse button down and drag the mouse across the map area like this:

When you have zoomed into the map, it will look like this:


You should be able to see your track on the map now. You can do all sorts of flash things with this map now. For example, you can have different track colours for different days, months, years or for different people or different jobs. To do this you will need to create new “Queries” and define what dates etc you want to use. I wanted to make a map showing my track on the 24 May 2010 and the 25 May 2010. So I made 2 queries (one for each day) selected custom date range, then typed in the dates I was interested in. Then on the map window I selected path, All queries and gave the different days different colours like this:

In this area here you can select which recording you want to look at and also add photos if you want aswell. Click on “Add photo” at top of screen. This is a bit beyond this manual, but it can be done! 71

Step 5: Save the map with your track so you can show other people or use it in a report. Click on “Export View” and save the map (as a bitmap file) in a place where you can find it!


c. Operational data To view a graph of operational data such as how many hours worked, how far did you go etc, click on “New View”, then “graph”. Then OK.

Like we did for the map, you can view data for different days or all data. We want to look at all data. So make a New Query with all data


A window pops up with different tabs – Frequency, Efficiency, Trend and Trend data. The efficiency data is good because for our sequence, it tells you how many sightings were made on each day, how many patrols you did, how far you went and how long it took (see figure above). This information can be used in your reporting.

5. Glossary – meanings of words Adaptive management plan – a type of plan which keeps changing and getting better. The plan can be improved when you use information on how good or bad a way of doing something was. Like if it was really bad for the country when someone burnt weeds in the late dry season, you would put in your adaptive management plan that it shouldn’t be done again next year. CyberTracker – information collection software that you can design yourself and download to collect information using a hand held computer. See website Data - information Nautiz X7 – brand of hand held computer GPS – Global Positioning System. GPS is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, speed, and time 24 hours a day, in all weather conditions, anywhere in the world. The system uses satellites to find your position. Inventory – a list Magellan Mobile Mapper – type of hand held computer


Monitoring – when you keep checking on something to see if there are any changes PDA – Personal digital assistant Template – framework to build on. Trimble NOMAD – a type of hand held computer USB – stands for Universal Serial Bus. It is a type of cable plug that looks like this: