Nov 2, 2011 ... CONTENT /. Trending Topics. 3. “Remembering Steve Job”. The Man behind
Apple Inc. 5. International Course On. Appropriate Technology.
ISSCT NEWSLETTER II //////// SEPTEMBER - DECEMBER 2011 / 1
// CONTENT /
“Remembering Steve Job” The Man behind Apple Inc
International Course On Appropriate Technology For Sustainable Low Cost Housing “How to Build the Cheap House” ACHIEVEMENTS
9 Major Achievements from 19th ASEAN Summit 2011
The First Global Champion for Disaster Risk Reduction : “challenges ahead” BEHIND THE SCENE
Formulation of Evaluation Guidelines for Indonesia International Capacity Development : “Do we really need Evaluation Guideline?”
A Visit to Brazilia: Comparing Study on SSC “Observing an experiences as a New Emerging Country”
ISSTC NEWSLETTER II //////// SEPTEMBER - DECEMBER 2011 / 2
“Managing Result Of Assistance: Terminated or Extended?” Mission for assessing KOICA’s assistance to Indonesia
Evaluation Study Team: “Concerning the Implementation of JICA’s Training Program in Indonesia?” HIGHLIGHTS
Special Report from “the 36th UNESCO General Conference”, Paris-France
HLF IV Busan on Aid Effectiveness “ Aid is not giveaways but it must be responsible”
INTERNATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM
Third Country Training Program on Strengthening the Primary Health Care in Maternal and Child Health Handbook : “Reduce the number of child mortality”
The Third Country Training Program on Education for Computer Based Industrial Automation: “Design of Modern Industrial with Computer Technology”
Training Course of Artificial Insemination on Dairy Cattle: “Develop and Quality Improvement for Dairy Cattle’s Sperm” Miscellaneous
ITEC Alumni Gathering: “Memorizing During staying in India 13th October 2011”
// FOREWORD /
// TRENDING TOPICS /
the man behind Apple Inc
Time travels and has carried us to the end of the year 2011 and enterered the gates of year 2012. It is my honor to present this newsletter to all of you with greetings of a “Happy New Year”. We had passed year 2011 with many memorable moments and achievements. In 2011, Indonesia as Chair of ASEAN held the 18th ASEAN series of meetings in the middle of the year and the 19th ASEAN series of meetings at the end of this year. During its ASEAN chairmanship in 2011, Indonesia has proposed three priorities namely: to ensure significant progress in achieving the ASEAN Community; to ensure that the regional architecture and regional environment remain ASEAN-centered and conducive to development; and to commence deliberations on an ASEAN vision beyond 2015 namely “ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations”. Indonesia has also agreed to work together based on these priorities to accelerate the undertakings towards the ASEAN Community in 2015 and to achieve a common platform for ASEAN beyond 2015 in Southeast Asia. On the 19th ASEAN Summit, ten Leaders of ASEAN have agreed and signed documents consisting of ten joint statements from ASEAN Leaders for playing significant roles in facing the complexities of global challenges, namely the Bali Concord III or Bali Declaration on ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations . The Bali Concord III or Bali Declaration on ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations accomodates ASEAN’s three main pillars, such as: politic and security, economic, and socio-culture. In order to support Indonesia’s Chairmanship in ASEAN 2011 and the implementation of ASEAN Initiative Integration, the Government of Indonesia has agreed to invite participants from Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia to participate in the international course on appropriate technology for sustainable low cost housing, for the purpose of strengthening initiative for ASEAN integration. The course is jointly conducted by Ministry of State
Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia and Ministry of Public Works. During 2011, we held many international training programs for developing countries in the framework of South-South Cooperation. Some of the training courses were joint cooperation in the form of triangular cooperation with donor/partners, such as: JICA, KOICA, Colombo Plan, and others. As Indonesia is on a going process of making a Grand Design and Blue Print for its South-South Cooperation, we are also accelerating our activities and programs with the Grand Design and Blue Print. Even though we have a long history in giving international training program, there are still no comprehensive and standardized evaluation mechanism yet to measure the quality of training programs. In fact, every implementing agencies has its own mechanism to evaluate their program/ training course. Actually, many countries have the same problems with Indonesia, indeed they don’t have an evaluation mechanism to measure the impact of the training program. In order to improve the quality of these training programs, Indonesia in cooperation with JICA has been formulating an evaluation mechanism guideline. We are working intesively with JICA’s expert and independent consultant in formulating the evaluation guideline. We invited an independent consultant to involve it in composing an evaluation guideline that will make it more comprehensive, accountable, transparent, and independent. The evaluation guideline is already in its finishing stage. In this newsletter, we share our experience in formulating the evaluation guideline. I convey my appreciation for all contributors. Finally, I really hope that our technical cooperation will bring more good impact and share knowledge to the beneficiary countries. I hope you will enjoy this newsletter. I thank you Editor in Chief
Photo courtesy of google
Steve Jobs His name became famous as well as his initial product. Many people around the globe recognized and used this product as a favourite gadget. His inovation and breakthough produced many favourable electronic products like : iPhod, iPhone, iMac, and iPad, the phenomenal gadget until now. His brain and dedication brought Apple Inc become one of the top companies in the world. He is Steve Jobs and with Steve Wozniak as co-founder of Apple Inc.
Steve Jobs was born in San Fransisco, California, US, February 24 1955. After graduating from Homestead High School in Palo Alto, California, he continued his education to Reed College in Portland, Oregon but only for one semester and he dropped out. His career began in 1971 at the age of 21 years old. He and Steve Wozniak established Apple Computer Co. located in the garage of Job’s Family. Their creativity have succeded in producing Apple I as their first computer product in 1976. One
year later, they introduced Apple II and was a success as a market household in the new era of personal computer. Apple had given significant contibution in the development of computer technology. Early 1980, Apple Inc listed their company in the stock exchange and the first listing has been successful andJobs becamewell-known . At the same year, Apple Computer released Apple III and had succeeded eventhough not much compared to the previous one. In 1985, Apple faced many troubles in leadership. The top management of Apple fired Jobs from his position in Apple. After being fired from Apple, Steve Jobs established a new computer company, NeXT Computer. In 1996, Apple took over Next and brought back Steve Jobs to Apple. One year later, Jobs led Apple temporarily.
With acquisition of Next by Apple, many technologies were combined in Apple products. Apple Inc. developed Mac OS X and introduced iMac as the first style performance personal computer, even though iMac also used the new technology. Those products combined technology and brand and have contributed significant profits for Apple. Apple then expanded their bussiness. They introduced iPod as a portable music device that combined technology and fashion. Apple also introduced iTune software and iTunes Music Store. Jobs has motivated and reminded his team in Apple to develop their creativity and innovation. While working for Apple, Steve Jobs has been recognized by Guinness World Records as the “Lowest Paid Chief Executive Officer”. (Ivn)
Steve Jobs has contributed his visions and many innovation to the world. Here are significant moments in time of Jobs’s life jouney : —— September 1997 - Jobs going back as a temporary CEO of Apple after that company lose more than 1,8 billion USD. —— November 1997 - Jobs has introduced a new line of Machintos G3 computer and its website that gave possibility for consumer to buy directly from Apple. —— 1998 - Apple introduces dekstop iMac. —— 2001 - Apple introduces iPod. —— 2003 - Apple opened iTunes Store, online store which gave possibility for user/customer to buy and download music, audiobooks, movie, and television. —— Agustus 2004 - Jobs announces that he had surgical operation for pankreas cancer. —— Januari 2007 - Apple introduces iPhone as their product. —— 2008 - Apple opens App Store as an update for iTunes. —— Januari 2009 - Jobs takes a sick leave. COO Tim Cook led a company for a while. —— Juni 2009 - Jobs going back to Apple after his surgical opeartion for heart transplantation. —— April 2010 - Apple sells iPad, touch screen tablet 10 inch, and achieves 84% market share at the end 2010. —— 17 January 2011 - Jobs announces that he will take a sick leave. —— 2 March 2011 - Apple announces iPad 2. —— 9 August 2011 - Apple announced as the american most valuable company. —— 24 August 2011 - Jobs resigns as CEO and was replaced by Tim Cook, chief operating officer of Apple. —— 5 Oktober 2011 - Jobs passes away at 56 years old after his long fight with pankreas cancer.
International Course on Appropriate Technology for Sustainable Low Cost Housing
How to Build the Cheap House Housing plays an important role in our life as a human basic need besides food and clothing. The need for housing increases as the population grows. Through the concept of the housing development equity, the Government gives the priority to provide housing for the low-income groups. The affordability of low income groups to get decent houses is the target in housing programs. Since the cost of materials used accounts for about 60 to 70 percent of the total construction cost of a house, any action taken to reduce the price of materials as applied to the building will certainly bring down the its total construction cost. Technologies on the production and application of building materials for housing and building construction which have been developed well in the developed countries, could not always be applied directly in the developing countries. Among the developing countries, appropriate technologies on the production of building materials from locally available raw materials have been developed. Policy makers and researchers for the developing countries need to share their experiences and knowledge among each other in the development of building materials for low cost housing. In the framework of the implementation of the South-South Techical Cooperation (SSTC) program and as one of Indonesia’s contributions during its Chairmanship of ASEAN in 2011, the Government of Indonesia has agreed to invite 12 (twelve) participants from Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia
to participate in the international course on appropriate technology for sustainable low cost housing, for the purpose of strengthening initiative for ASEAN integration. The course is jointly conducted by the Ministry of State Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia and Ministry of Public Works The objective of the course is to provide an opportunity for participants from Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam to refresh and to improve relevant techniques and knowledge in the field of building materials development for low cost housing; and to exchange views, information and practical experience on housing materials development and the efforts to improve the housing conditions in the participating countries. In the last several decades, the population of Asian Countries has increased rapidly particularly in urban areas. Adequate housing provision to the people is a main strategy of public welfare policy. It includes public housing, improved urban environment, housing site development, and research and development activities for housing policy and construction technology. Housing policy and technology are very important factors to determine the quality of life, distribution of wealth, and preservation of environment. In order to deal with this issues, we should evaluate the relevant systems and policies, analyze and forecast the market. It could be due to the high industrialization, and better mobility. But, apart from the reason behind it, in fact it has caused the housing problems in urban areas.
// ACHIEVEMENTS / Urbanization has caused social problems, especially that which is related to human settlement in urban area. Firstly, the traditional way on the provision of housing tend to be unaffordable to low income people, and it is mainly due to the high cost of land, besides the high construction cost itself. While, on the other hand, these urban people from the low-income community resulted to the emerge of slum areas. Secondly, culturally, these people still have a strong linkage to their traditional way of life in rural area. For example , the domestic waste are left to be absorbed by nature itself. It has caused the decrease in the quality of life in urban area. Thirdly, the classic one: insufficient public funding to answer these problems. In relation with the first problem, the availability of land for housing, Indonesia has developed vertical housing program, followed by land guidelines, beside their economic value, it still have its intrinsic value: land is related to their access and that it should be continued to the next generation. In this situation, monetary value has no meaning. We need to educate people. We may introduce the use of multi-story housing in order to minimize the use of land. As it involveshigh technology for its structure, it is unaffordable to this low income people. Again, due to the high relation to the traditional way in rural areas, multi-story housing is still unattractive to most of the community of young generation professionalls. In other words, one other way isto seek for a new funding scheme, an integrated one. Probably, an integrated housing scheme and an income generating financial mechanism. Yet, it is something new for us and many aspects have still to be learned and studied. In relation to the technology, experience show that modern buildings built by developers were capital intensive: for the sake of efficiency: yet in fact could not create sufficient job opportunity. To build the cheap house, we must consider building design and budget that we have. We need to choose cheaper materials but they
9 Major Achievements from 19th ASEAN SUMMIT 2011 A
should have adequate good quality. We can get some information about price, quality, and design building from property magazine, internet or if you have colleagues or friends who understand architect. (Ivn)
fter successfully holding the 18th ASEAN Summit in early May 2011 in Jakarta, as Chair of ASEAN 2011, Indonesia has gone back to hold the 19th ASEAN Summit and related meetings on 17-19 November 2011 in Bali. As a series of ASEAN meetings during Indonesia’s Chairmanship, Indonesia had tried to improve and strengthen people to people contact, both between community in ASEAN countries and ASEAN with its counterparts (China, India, Japan, Korea, Rusia, and US). The objective of strengthening cooperation between ASEAN and its counterparts is to improve ASEAN’s role in a Global Community of Nations” as mentioned in the theme of ASEAN Summit 2011. ASEAN Summit and related meetings were held at Bali Nusa Dua Convention Centre (BNDCC) dan Bali International Convention Centre (BICC), Nusa Dua-Bali. Opening session began with the ASEAN song hymne, the ASEAN Way, and followed by the opening remarks of the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. President Yudhoyono, as Chair and Host, officially openned the 19th ASEAN Summit on Thursday morning, November 17, 2011. On his opening remarks, President Yudhoyono hoped that this Summit will deliver result on the Bali Concord III as the future road map for ASEAN interaction with the global community, appropriate with the theme of ASEAN 2011 : ‘ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations’. Presiden Yudhoyono also conveyed his sympathy and condoloences as President of the Republic Indonesia and Chair of ASEAN 2011 for the flood disaster devastating many ASEAN countries. On the first day the Summit, ten Leaders of ASEAN have agreed and signed documents consisting of ten joint statements from ASEAN Leaders for playing significant roles in facing the complexities of global challenges. The Bali Concord III or Bali Declaration on ASEAN Community in a Global Community of Nations accomodates ASEAN’s three main pillars, such as: politic and security, economic, and socio-culture. On the politic and security, Bali Declaration consists of conflicts resolution, trans-national crime, piracy, elimination of corruption, and nuclear weapons disarmament. On economic sector, the declaration regulates ASEAN participation in global economy, strengthening economic capacity, adopting production standard and distribution of
economic commodity, improvement of access and technology application, improvement of agricultural investment, and energy diversification. Meanwhile, the last pillar, socio-cultural, covers tackling and handling disaster, climate change, health, education, and culture. After closing the ceremony, President Yudhoyono gave a press conference announcing the outcomes and achievements during 19th ASEAN Summit and related Summits. On his press conference, President Yudhoyono explained nine major achiements during Indonesia’s Chairmanship in 2011, such as: 1. The real steps in order to enhance the three pillars of ASEAN Community. 2. Strengthening economic growth in ASEAN region. 3. Play significant role in arranging the regional architecture to make the region more effective and efficient. 4. Maintain stability and security in ASEAN region. 5. Strengthening and improving ASEAN’s role in global community. 6. Joint cooperation to strengtheneconomic of East Asia region. 7. Joint cooperation to develop the fundamental and real action in handling food, water, energy security, and climate change. 8. Joint cooperation to superintend nontraditional security challenge: natural disaster, terrorism, trans-national crimes. 9. Joint cooperation to peace keeping, security, stability, law and order in East Asia. (Ivn)
// ACHIEVEMENTS / No doubt this award is a recognition as well as encouragement for the Government of Indonesia to continue its efforts in mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in its development policy across the country. But what is the significance of this award in the global arena? Why is it important? Clearly its significance is far reaching and wide. As President Yudhoyono rightly said in his acceptance speech “disasters affecting one country ultimately affect all of humanity”. One thing is clear though, just as Indonesia was inspired to change its approach on disasters after the tsunami, the award does challenge us to rethink, reassess, and refocus our way of looking at disasters.
The First Global Champion for Disaster Risk Reduction:
challenges ahead by Denny Abdi *
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was named the First Global Champion for Disaster Risk Reduction by the United Nations SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon in November 2011. This award brings us back to December 2004, when the world witnessed bold and quick action taken by President Yudhoyono’s administration after Aceh and Nias was struck by the Indian Ocean tsunami. This disaster was considered as one of the worst natural disasters in history. President Bill Clinton, then, the Special Envoy of the United Nations
for the tsunami recovery commended the way Government of Indonesia handled the situation as equally effective as the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Learning from its past experience including from the Indian Ocean tsunami, the Government of Indonesia changed its approach in dealing with disasters, from being responsive to preventive. The focus was not limited to emergency response, but further expanded on overall disaster mitigation management and disaster risk reduction, to ensure minimum casualties when a disaster hit the country.
Photo courtesy of Abror Rizky
If for example, we all adopt prevention as the main approach, then less disasters can be expected to occur. The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (ISDR) argues that there is no such thing as “natural” disaster, it is only natural hazard. Disaster risk reduction is the key to limit the damage caused by natural hazards. Regardless of the necessity to obtain clear understanding of the two concepts (natural hazard or natural disaster), let us look at the following examples to give us the perspective on the possible losses inflicted by a large disaster event. The Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004 claimed 226,408 lives and US$ 9.2 billion damages; the Haiti earthquake in January 2010 took the life of 222,570 people (World Disaster Report 2010, IFRC). Certainly the world cannot afford such death tolls and economic losses recurring in the future. The earthquake in Haiti was recorded 7.0 on the Richter scale. As comparison, the number of people died in Haiti was way bigger than the one in Chile which claimed 562 lives in February 2010, although the latter was registered in much stronger magnitude of 8.8 on the Richter scale. One logical reason behind the relatively low casualties in the case of Chile is the successful implementation of Building Codes as a lessons learned from the previous quake years ago.
Studies show that one dollar invested today in disaster risk reduction saves four dollars or more in relief and rehabilitation costs in the future. Disaster risk reduction not only saves lives, but is also cost effective in terms of helping countries in keeping their development agenda on track. Another important message through the award is that disaster risk reduction should be further recognized, particularly at the Rio+20 Conference this coming June, to achieve sustainable development. In an era where disaster is the norm rather than the exception, we have to ensure that attaining economic growth with social equity requires efforts that cut across many disciplines, including disaster risk reduction. The award that Indonesia was proud to receive symbolizes a reality that we face, which we must tackle with action and partnership. Together with other leaders, President Yudhoyono will continue to advocate and promote the importance of disaster risk reduction at the global level.
*The writer is an Indonesian diplomat, currently serving as First Secretary at the Indonesian Permanent Mission to the United Nations, New York. This is his personal view. He could be reached at [email protected]
// BEHIND THE SCENE / “Formulation of Evaluation Guidelines for Indonesia International Capacity Development”
Do we really need Evaluation Guideline? For many years, Indonesia has assisted other developing countries through hundreds of training programs. Despite the number and significant increase of training programs conducted by Indonesia, there are still no comprehensive and standardized evaluation mechanism yet to measure the quality of training programs. In order to improve the quality of these training programs, Indonesia in cooperation with JICA has been formulating an
evaluation mechanism guideline. This activity is supported by the team from Lembaga Penyelidikan Ekonomi dan Masyarakat from Universitas Indonesia (LPEM UI) as local consultant teamed up with a Japanese consultant. The evaluation mechanism guideline is a reference document in conducting an evaluation of training program for participants from other developing countries. The main part of the document is the evaluation instruments that evaluate three stages of
the training program: ex-ante (before the training), course implementation (during training course), and ex-post (after the training). This guideline hopefully will be used by implementing agencies, line ministries as well as the National Coordinating Team of South-South Cooperation to evaluate the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and benefit of the training programs conducted by Indonesia.
It’s time for us to start thinking about the quality of those training programs, not only think of how many prorgrams we had or how many participants we had invited. We must consider the relevance between the course and our policy, relevance between training course and what their needs are, and we must be concerned about the improvement of participants’ capacity/knowledge, and the benefits of those programs both for invited countries and beneficiary countries. To be able to measure the benefit of the training, we need a tool. Therefore, we decided to create an evaluation guideline as a tool to evaluate the benefit of the training programs. Second, some of the training program implementing agencies already developed evaluation instruments. However, those evaluation instruments are still incomprehensive and mostly focus only on the course evaluation (during the training). Meanwhile, we also need to measure the planning stage and the after-training stage. Therefore, we developed more comprehensive instruments from the planning stage (before the training), during the training and after the training stage. Third, most of the implementing agencies already have plenty of experience in planning and organizing trainings, but the efficiency and effectiveness of the training organization was never really been measured. Thus, we considered that it needs standardized evaluation to evaluate the effectiveness and the efficiency of the training program implementation.
Some people may ask the reason behind the formulation of the evaluation guideline. Some may consider that formulation of evaluation mechanism guideline is not important. However, we consider that formulation of this document is necessary. Several arguments will be presented here. First, even after hundreds of training programs, Indonesia has never had an adequate evaluation tool to measure the effectiveness and benefit of those trainings. Training programs were given to other countries annually but we never seem to think of the impact, relevance with our policy, and relevance with their needs.
Based on those ideas, we consider that it is necessary to formulate a comprehensive guideline to conduct training programs evaluation. By employing the guideline, implementing agencies and related stakeholders would be able to examine the quality of the trainings and able to identify areas that can be improved. By using the evaluation guideline, hopefully, we can improve the quality of the training. Thus we can say that evaluation guideline is a tool to improve quality of training programs. From that main idea, our representatives presented follow up actions to JICA after they attended a Training Course in Tokyo, Japan. We proposed to compose evaluation guideline for Indonesia’s capacity development. Based on our experience during given technical cooperation since the 80’s, there was unavailable comprehensive and standard evaluation among implementing agencies. In fact,
every implementing agencies has its own mechanism to evaluate their program/training course. It seems uncoordinated and can overlap between each other. At the group discussion and presentation in JICA’s training course, it appears that other countries have the same problems with Indonesia, indeed they don’t have evaluation mechanism to measure the impact of the training program. That’s why we proposed an action plan to compose an evaluation guideline for Indonesia’s capacity development, especially for training course. The good news was JICA agreed with that proposal. For almost six months, we were working closely and intensively with JICA experts. We also involved an independent consultant to make sure this evaluation guidline is transparent and accountable. First of all, before we composed the evaluation guideline, we must start with the same perception of what evaluation means. There are many different views about evaluation because the world is not flat, right? The next step is to decide the mechanism, stages of evaluation, evaluation frame work, and what kind of tools or instruments to use to measure the impact of the training course. During the formulation of this evaluation guideline, we invited line ministries and implementing agencies to cover their main ideas in evaluation, mechanism, and tools/instruments based on their experiences. We created some questions for every stages : ex-ante, course evaluation, and post evaluation. We did the pre-test and post test to measure the improvement knowledge and capability of participants during the course. We created and distributed questionnaires to participants and implementing agencies. We created and interviewed participants, implementing agencies, and policy makers. All of these activities are measurable. We also visited implementing agencies while they held the training course and lessons were being learned and tried out implementing the evaluation guideline. At this moment, the training evaluation guideline formulation is already in its finishing stage. The content of the document has been presented to the National Coordinating Team of South-South Cooperation Program. The next step would be to hold an intensive workshop among the implementing agencies to employ the evaluation guideline for the trainings in 2012. (Ivn&Am)
A Visit to Brazilia: Comparing Study on SSC
Observing an experiences as a New Emerging Country It was a great opportunity for the Indonesia Coordination Team for South-South Cooperation to directly observe in Brazilia from 1 to 9 November 2011. The Team was lead by the Vice Minister for National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency and the members were officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance and JICA Indonesia Office. The purpose of the Team are to share knowledge and experiences and best practice with Brazilian managing SSC. Brazilia is one of the members of the G-20 as representative of developing country together with Indonesia supporting development agenda and conducting sistematically for SSC in particular poverty eradication and social protection. While in Brazilia, the Team attended such Ministries/ institutionas as Brazilian Agency for Cooperation/ Agencia Brasieleira de Cooperacao (ABC), Brasilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education (CAPES), Ministry of Education, Ministry of Sciences, Technology and Innovation, Ministry of Agriculture (Embrapa), JICA Brazilia Office and etc. The results of visiting Brazilia are as follows: —— Taking measures for accelerating a Grand Design and Blue Print for Indonesia’s SSC aimed at integrating comprehensive coordination matters among stakeholders. —— Gaining policy pictures of Brazilian on SSC, social development, poverty eradication, famine, and budget allocation. Lessons learned by Indonesia after visiting Brazilia: (1) Establishing a strategic and strong institution for managing technical cooperation by having a full authority in coordinating among institutions in Indonesia, (2) One gate policy for implementing technical cooperation (3) Benefit economy with
a purpose of a win-win solution and transparency principles, (4) Considering SSC principles and trilateral cooperation like demand driven, nonconditional and solidarity in accordance with Indonesia’s competency. As follow up for the development SSC: (a) Budget allocation shall be provided for the purpose that is more measurable and accountable; (b) Realizing MoU on High Education Cooperation by utilizing CAPES particularly for sending bachelor’s and master degree students and researchers between universities; (c) Indonesia will learn Brazilian’s experience in eraditing poverty and famine. In line with this condition, the Government should have: 1. a strong commitment on its policy 2. focus on program and a clear target 3. a close coordination among Ministries/ institutions 4. a well single registry for data 5. a sustainable monitoring and evaluation Besides that, there was an opportunity for strengthening technical cooperation on agriculture and agrobussiness sectors and bilateral tie between Bazilian and Indonesia. Joint Commission Meeting between both Countries shall be attended by high level officials such as Minister. (fhr)
Korean Mission on Scholarship Assistance
MANAGING RESULT Of ASSISTANCE:
Terminated or Extended? Mission for assessing KOICA’s assistance to Indonesia
Is it compulsory for beneficiary countries to prove
results in managing assistance? To answer this question, they will seemingly find difficulty due to many of them not having a tool of mechanism for measuring the impact of assistance. The role of Indonesia in terms of South-South Cooperation, besides being the resource country through Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries program/South-south Technical Cooperation Program, also is the beneficiary country or recipient country in the form of technical projects, training and education scholarships, equipment assistance and the dispatch of volunteer/ experts. As a new impressive donor country in the world, the Government of the Republic of Korea has been boosting the cooperation around the world, including with the Government of Indonesia. Through KOICA’s program, they have launched World Friends Program which is well known as Volunteers/ Junior Experts Program dispatched across the regions of Indonesia. The Ministry of State Secretariat has been assigned by line Ministries to coordinate the
aforementioned program since 2008. An evaluation questionnaire from the Republic of Korea has been disseminated to the relevant Ministries and Ministry of State Secretariat as a coordinator for Technical Cooperation in Indonesia. In general, the answer is that the assistance from the Government of the Republic of Korea is still necessary for upgrading Indonesian’s capacity in every aspect. Interviewers from the Republic of Korea who attended in Indonesia from 5 to 9 September 2011 namely Dr. Kim, Sang-Wook, Survey Research Center, Sungkyunkwan University/Director and Professor of Sociology and Dr. Shin, Seung-Bae, Survey Research Center, Sungkyunkwan University/ Research Professor. The major purpose of the evaluation is to assess the relevance, impact, effectiveness, efficiency, and sustainability of the performance of a series of KOICA’s cooperation projects or program implemented for the period of August 2010 to July 2011 in Indonesia and also to learn from the evaluation for KOICA’s activities in the future. The
objective of visiting the coordinating agency is to measure the extent to which KOICA’s projects or programmes have indeed contributed to improving Indonesia’s development by means of conducting interviews with a few key informants in Indonesia. The evaluation findings is expected to lead to conclusions resulting in recommendations useful for future KOICA approaches to Indonesia. (fhr) Interview Questions for the Stakeholders of Coordination Agency (Project): Head of Bureau for Technical Cooperation, Ministry of State Secretariat 1. Do you think that the objectives of KOICA’s projects or programs have been achieved? In what capacity? Information received from the Ministries/Institutions (implementing institutions) that utilize the programs or projects, most of the programs or projects KOICA has reached the goal, both of which have been set by the KOICA or by institutions. Ministry of State Secretariat as coordinator for the Korean Overseas Volunteer (KOV) programs, training programme/ long fellowship program (in Korea) and projects for Public Governance officials (phase 1) in Indonesia. In the future, best practice in practical rather than theoritical aspects should be prioritised. 2. Do you think that KOICA’s projects or programs have contributed to the capacity building of your organisation? In what capacity? All KOICA’s program and projects were very helpful in the human resources development in the Ministries including Ministry of State Secretariat, mainly related to the provision of training opportunities of government of Indonesia and citizens in Republic of Korea. We expect the Korean government can provide more opportunities to this projects/programs to cover more citizens of Indonesia across the regions. 3. Do you think that KOICA’s projects or programs have contributed to the advancement of relationship between your country and Korea? In what capacity? Absolutelly yes, the KOICA’s projects and program, which have been implemented in Indonesia, make stronger relationship and good ties between both countries, Indonesia and Korea. The establishement of Joint Strategic Cooperation which was signed by the both of Heads of State and documents of cooperation such as Memorandum of Understanding between Ministries/institutions of two countries and also the involvement of the Government of Republic Korea as a partner dialog in ASEAN has proven its commitment to strengthening relationship. 4. Do you think that KOICA has demonstrated good expertise as donor agency in implementing its projects or programs ? In what capacity? As a donor agency, KOICA has demonstrated good experties as the donor agency in implementing its
program/ project in Indonesia. Nevertheless, the good coordination and communication among the stakeholders in Indonesia will be improved in terms of planning of the project, implementation and evaluation. 5. Do you think that KOICA’s projects or programs have generally been impelemented in timely manner? In what capacity? Some of KOICA’s projects or programs have been generally implemented in timely manner, on the other hand, a few programs or projects need more time to be reviewed for implementation. 6. How effective has KOICA regional office been in supporting and coordinating KOICA’s projects or programs? In what capacity? KOICA’s office in Jakarta has a good coordination and cooperation with the Ministry of State of Secretariat and other related institutions. 7. Do you think that number of experts from Korea was sufficient for KOICA’s projects or programs? In what capacity? We think that the number of experts from Korea already fullfill Indonesia’s needs and request, but comparing the regions of Indonesia, the number of experts is not enough to cover all the regions’ request in Indonesia. Main point of concern is about quantity and quality as well. 8. Do you think that equipment provide by KOICA were sufficient for the projects or programs? In what capacity? Regarding equipment assistance from KOICA to the line Ministries, we do not have the capacity to answer, but we think that the assistance should not only be hard equipment but soft equipment should also be given more consideration, such as providing ICT integrated programs to assist on processing tasks office system, develoment of website and early warning system for disaster management and etc. 9. Do you think that KOICA’s projects or programs have been planned to meet the development need of your organisation? In what capacity? As coordinator of the capacity building for government innovation phase 1 in the year of 2008. The program is very useful to Indonesia for stimulating and strengthening the bureaucracy reform policy in Indonesia. The projects has main ideas and contribution for development. 10. Do you think that time plan of KOICA’s projects or programs have been appropriately set ? In what capacity? Many of the KOICA’s projects/ programs has already been appropriately done on time. 11. Do you think that KOICA’s projects or programs have been relevant to the selection of the regions in the development of your areas? In what capacity?
Of course, we have selected areas and selected appropriate programs to be utilised in the regions. Classification is diferent among the regions and also the disparity needs, therefore, some of the programs such as the scholarship, we face difficulty in reaching across regions of Indonesia, due to the limited number of programs and also closing date of the application. 12. Do you think that the post projects management for KOICA’s projects or programs have been appropriately implemented? In what capacity? Project of capacity building of government innovation shall be followed up by a government policy in strengthening the bureaucracy reform in Indonesia. And, we think that some of them will be followed up based on the availability of resources in the Ministries/Institutions. 13. Do you think that the activities supported by KOICA have been financially sustainable after completion of the cooperation? In what capacity? Most of the Ministries/institutions of programs/ projects have supported to provide financially after the completion of the program cooperation. We are aware that counterpart budget is provided by them when starting to implement the projects. 14. Do you think that the managerial/technological capacities had been developed to continue activities supported by KOICA after completion of the cooperation? In what capacity? Most of the assistance supporting the programs/ projects such as the equipments assistance to the users, they still maintain and develop their managerial/ technologies capacities. 15. How satisfied are you with the efforts of your government in terms of policy assistance/ support ? in what respects? We respect and are satisfied with the KOICA’s programs/ projects because these projects/ programs are useful for the development of Indonesian’s capacities in term of upgrading human resources, knowlege and technology. We expect that the KOICA’s assistance will continue and cover all the aspects and utilized not only in the central government but also in
regions across the country. Comments/Recomendations: Scholarship from the Government of Republic of Korea/ KOICA has already been a good program which was participated by government officials and private sectors. Most of the subjects are useful for the development of Indonesian’s capacities, therefore in the future, training programs offered to Indonesia should be prioritized in the form of projects in specialized areas/fields. The number of group participants should come from the same target institutions in order for it to be a ‘best practice’ for applying an action plan effectively. Making the applicable action plan is compulsory for group participants when joining training programs. Each group participant from the same institutions after completing training course has to report the action plan implementation to the State Secretariat and KOICA, if necessary the Korean consultant will facilitate and assist on it. Currently, the Government of Indonesia has provided more contribution in assisting other developing countries such as in African regions, Asia and Pacific countries in the form of dispatching Indonesian experts and providing technical assistance; training programs and equipment assistance. The Commitment of Indonesia to assist on those countries has been mandated in the Mid-Term National Development Plan of Indonesia and Jakarta Commitment signed by the Indonesian Government and various development partners. The Grand Design and Blue Print of South-South Cooperation Programme has already been composed and the GOI’s policy will attract more the donor country such as KOICA to share together for financing the programs. Since 1981 till now, Indonesia has experiences in providing technical assistance with the purpose based on solidarity and self-reliance among countries. As a developed country, Republic of Korea is expected to contribute to them. Form of the initiative projects/programs will be discussed together. For KJE programs, we have signed the guideline of the mechanism and procedure but for the result of evaluation and comments from the Ministries and institutions, the guideline will be reviewed based on current situations and comments coming from them. Therefore, we have taken measure for that and we will have discussion with all stakeholders and KOICA as well. Close coordination and communication between the Ministry of State Secretariat and KOICA will be more enhanced including conducting, monitoring and evaluation for the implementation of an action plan. Currently, the bureau has a plan to make a guideline of handling scholarship program, that will be expected to be used as a manner of management of scholarships in Indonesia.
Evaluation Study Team:
Concerning the Implementation
of JICA’s Training Program in Indonesia The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan through
Global Link Management Consultant conducted an ODA annual research evaluation study, especially for the implementation of JICA’s training program. The Team visited Jakarta from September 27 to October 7, 2011. The purpose of the Case studies is to assess the impact and appropriateness of the process of JICA’s Training and Dialogue Programs conducted in Japan, including 1) Theme-based Training Program, 2) Country – wise Training Program, 3) Training for Youth. The team conducted in-depth interviews with various related individuals and representatives of organizations, including former participants in the program, supervisors of the former participants, and officer in-charge of the Training Program at JICA Indonesia Office, Embassy of Japan in Indonesia. Research was conducted in Jakarta and Sulawesi, Indonesia. —— Jakarta: The research team interviewed the officers including the Embassy of Japan, JICA Jakarta Office, Indonesia foreign aid coordination office, Ex-Trainee Alumni Association and the former participants of the Training Program from Jakarta as well as supervisors, particularly those who are from the Central Government Ministries. —— Sulawesi: It was proposed as another target area for the research as an important Province for JICA’s assistance in Indonesia, particularly in term of its project-type Technical Assistance program. Under the evaluation, it was intended that the effectiveness of the Training Program woukd be asessed not only on those stand-alone Training Programs, but also on those which combine Training Program and other assistance schemes, for instance ‘South
Sulawesi Regional Development Program’ and ‘North–Eastern Indonesia Regional Development program’ both of which have been implemented in Sulawesi Province. During the conducted interview, the Team was lead by Prof. Shinobu Yamaguchi, Tokyo Institute of Technology, with the advisory members namely Prof. Taro Yamamoto, Nagasaki University and two consultants: Hiroko Tanaka and Yasunori Nakamura, from Global Link Management, Co. Ltd. A courtessy was called on Dr. Suroto Adi, Head of Bureau for Technical Cooperation, Ministry of State Secretariat on 3 October 2011 at the Bureau’s office, M.H. Thamrin Street, Jakarta. The interview questions had been conducted on the following evaluation perspectives: —— Policy relevance (in particular, alignment with the needs of the beneficiary country); —— Effectiveness of the Results (Degree of achievement of the primary scheme objectives, degree of achievement of non– primary scheme objectives, comparative advantage over other training programs, comparative advantage over other assistance schemes. —— Appropriatenes of the process (Appropriateness of the planning and implementation process, appropriateness of the implementation structure). As foreign assistance coordination office, the Bureau for Technical Cooperation, Ministry of State Secretariat, was pleased to answer the following questionnaire.
State Secretariat, Bureau for Technical Cooperation (Indonesian foreign assistance coordination office)
towards human resources development. The training program specializes in various areas (social development, health, education, economy, sosial welfare, environmental, administration and etc.) and relevance also bring benefit to our program in especially empowering youth.
Do you think that JICA-sponsored training programs have contributed towards human resources development in Indonesia? Please provide concrete examples and evidence that support your views. —— The Training for Young Leaders as the form for technical assistance from Japan to Indonesia and also as the result for revision from Friendship Program has been conducted since 1984. —— The history for this program, starting since 1984 till 1993 (Phase I and II) and used to be coordinated by the Ministry for Youth and Sports. But from 1994 based on evaluation conducted by the GoJ, it stated that the program was a part of a training program under technical cooperation conducted by the JICA as the agency for technical cooperation. Therefore, since 1994, the administration for this was program conducted by the Coordinating Committee for International Cooperation (CCITC) and the Bureau for Technical Cooperation, Ministry of State Secretariat as the Secretariat. —— Since 2007 till now, the program was changed from Friendship Program to Training Program for Young Leaders due to the policy from the GoJ. The changes for the policy have influenced to the reducing of the number of area programs, program activities/homestay period of duration (from 30, 28, 25, 21, 18 and currently only 15 or 16 days) and the average programs to only 4- 5 programs. Currently, average participants ranges from 60 up to 80. —— We recorded that alumni data for this program are 3600 participants/alumni across this country. This is a huge number of alumni and therefore for post-training effectiveness and maintain network among them and to keep in touch with the GoJ and the Ministry of State Secretariat, they had established “Alumni Association” namely KAPPIJA (Keluarga Alumni Program Persahabatan Indonesia-Jepang). —— We recorded that, Alumni data —— We would like to say that training program for young leaders (previously friendship program for young leaders) which was initiated by Prime Minister Yasohiro Nakasone has absolutely brought good contribution
—— Through this training provided by the GoJ, the young generation will become leader in the future in various areas, such as leader of politics, leaders in bussiness and other areas. For example, H.E. Patrialis Akbar, Minister for Law and Human Rights and Mr. Teguh Juwarno, Politician/one member of Indonesian Parliament, Mr. Sayid Fadhil, Lecturer of University of Syiah Kuala, Aceh, and one candidate for commissioner for Corruption Eradication Commision, Mr. Ruhut Sitompul, Lawyer and politician and also many alumni to be head of regions and mayor. —— Although a number of areas has been reduced, the demand in participantion in the Training Program for Young Leaders is still very high particularly coming from local government and Non-Government Organization.
Do you think that JICA-sponsored training programs are making a significant contribution towards diplomatic linkages between Indonesia and Japan? Could you provide us with any concrete examples? —— Of course, the training for young leaders sponsored by JICA has a significant contribution towards diplomatic linkages. For concrete examples: the strengthened relationship between Indonesia-Japan for upgrading Indonesian capacity will also strengthen ownership programs between Indonesia and Japan in many activities. Such as: volunteer program, supporting development project in Indonesia.
As you are aware, there are several different types of training programs under JICA-sponsored training programs. From your perspective, are there any differences among these programs in terms of the priorities that the Government of Indonesia places (i.e. Group & Regional Training, Country-focused training, Young Leaders’ Training, etc)? What are the reasons? —— Young Leaders’ training is a specific group training program, the program has been designed for young generation in many areas
// HIGHLIGHT / under 35 years old. In my opinion, a group training like this is very effective mainly for evaluation for action plan after they come back from Japan. The participants can share their knowledge and experiences among them. In terms of preparation and readiness in making action plans, the preparation before undertaking the program is essential. The following reasons are: —— Good coordination of activities during the implementation of training in Japan —— More coordination among them and has a one vision and mission; —— Participants will be aware with the environment of training; —— Most of participants are travelling abroad for the first time; —— Action Plan will be composed by collective knowledge and experiences among them; —— Easily do monitoring and evaluation due to the group; —— Alumni will do the best practice activities and supporting the project assistance from Japan. Such as Redip project, Japanese Junior Expert Program activities and etc. —— The survey is also essential for searching and deepening knowledge about the priority areas for the purpose in achieving the Millinium Development Goals (MDGs). Priority areas consisted of education, health, Small and Medium Enterprises program (economy development) and environemntal health. The important point is that the priorities are appropriate with the needs of their institutions and are appllicable.
We understand that you observe other bilateral donors’ (e.g. China and Korea) newly developed training programs being offered in Indonesia. From your perspective, what are the strengths of these training programs of other bi-lateral donors? Are there training programs offered by multi-lateral donors that are gaining popularity in Indonesia as well? —— China is also one of the big donors for Indonesia and has offered many training programs to Indonesia regularly. Annually, we receive a training program with a title of over 100 and one program was participated by 2 participants, therefore; average participants are 150 – 200 participants. The offered program from China is based on implemented
survey by China one year before it is brought to Indonesia through Ministry of State Secretariat. Programs are general areas for all ministries and private sectors mainly in economic and agriculture sectors.
Special Report from
the 36th UNESCO General Conference
—— Korea’s Training Program is coordinated by the KOICA. They have a regular program and specific program (single country and specific areas). KOICA’s regular programs being offered by KOICA need survey compiling coming from Ministries and Institutions and sending to KOICA through the Ministry for State Secretariat. Total participant for example during 2010 is 145 participants undertaking training program in Korea in various sectors.
A strong commitment of President Yudhoyono
in recognising the essential of cultural diversity and power ethnicity elements of the nation was the essence of the speech he delivered when he attended the 36th General Conference of UNESCO.
—— Specialised Program also being offered by KOICA is through proposal to KOICA for a spesific need and request, for example, currently Indonesia is still developing and designing Bureaucracy Reform. Through this program, The GoI has proposed this areas to KOICA and KOICA agreed to implement it from 2008 – 2011 (two batch) was participated by 190 participants (high level and middle level) from targeted Ministries in Indonesia. Material of training consisted of Training program in Korea, dispatch expert/ consultant to Indonesia and implementation of workshop.
“Indonesia, with over 300 ethnic groups, is arguably the world’s most ethnically diverse nation. Since Independence, successive generations have passionately live by the motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika- “Unity in diversity. Whether one comes from the largest Javanese ethnic group or the smaller Buginese or
On the other hand, with the crunching ODA budget and increasingly strong demand for ‘results-orientation’, defending training programs in Japan is an up-hill battle in Japan at this moment. Under such circumstances, from the recipient Government’s point of view, is there any merit in maintaining JICA-sponsored training programs? What do you think are the comparative advantages of JICA-sponsored training programs over the others? —— That’s a critical question to us, but we think that we are still in need of asisstance from Japan in terms of technical training. As we are aware that this programs is one model and it’s a way that we can keep in touch, people-to-people contact between Indonesia and Japan and also strengtehening and maintaining our relationship. We can imagine when Japan stops the programs and what happens with opinions from the people of Indonesia. In the future, we think that the more we keep in touch and the more effective the relationship between the two people are is evidence that we have passion and we can create harmony together for achieving people’s welfare (fhr/Lrs).
Photo courtesy of Anung Anindito
Acehnese ethnicity, everyone has equal rights, equal stake and equal ownership in the grand Indonesian family tree. Multiculturism therefore is very much part of our national DNA, a formula for national survival, and a necessary pathway for future generations”. President Yudhoyono said in his remarkable speech during a plenary session of the 36th General Conference to mark the tenth of the adoption of UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2001-2011) on 2 November 2011. Amongst the VIP guest was H.E. Mr. Georgi Parvanov, Presiden of Bulgaria who was also present at the plenary session.
The 36th General Conference was attended by 185 representative country members. The Indonesian delegation was led by Minister of Education and Culture and members of delegations coming from related institutions. For this Conference, H.E. Ms. Katalin Bogyay, Ambassador of Hongaria to UNESCO was elected as President of the 36th General Conference. Director General of UNESCO, Madame Irina Bukova in her opening address to the Conference, stressed the need to reinforce cooperation in the face of the challenges confronting the world today. “The global economic crisis is hitting the poorest countries particularly badly”, she said. In addition, she stated that peaceful and sustainable development shall be proved by sharing knowledge and experience in education, sciences, cultural for the purpose more and better UNESCO. The Agenda of the General Conference determined the Organization’s programme and budget for 2012 and 2013, which gives priority to sustainable culture of peace and non-violence,with special emphasis on gender equality, Africa, youth, Education for All (EFA), Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island States (SIDs) and the most vulnerable segments of society and also on the Organization’s Next Medium-Term Strategy for 2014-2019. Each member country was given an opportunity to deliver their addresses during the General Conference. Indonesia’s intervention and National Statement came up with the following: (i) the importance of the establishment of peace and sustainable development; (ii) cultural diversity of Indonesia ; (iii) appreciation to the UNESCO, which has officially recognised angklung, wayang, batik, and keris as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity; (iv) invitation to attend 6th Conference of the Comittee for Intangible Cultural Heritage from 22 to 29 November 2011 in Bali, and First World Cultural Forum 2012 in Indonesia. Furthermore, Indonesia’s support to the admission of Palestine as a full member of UNESCO. .....”Through me, Indonesians would like to convey to UNESCO: THANK YOU, from the bottom of our hearts..” President Yudhoyono showing his appreciation during the plenary session. Prof. Muhammad Nuh, Minister of Education and Culture Indonesia said that: “as reflected in its national policy, the Government of the
Republic of Indonesia believes that education and culture is very important in securing any development to be peaceful and sustainable. Through education and culture, and with the help of communication technology, we can spread the essential logical, ethnical, and aesthetical thinking and doing to the nation”. Continuing his address, Minister Nuh said that for the development to be inclusive, education must also be inclusive too as formulated in the Education For All Program of UNESCO. The significance of education inclusivity is reflected in our policy to reach the unreachable by any feasible means since education has been a part of human right, and hence, must be accessible by all citizens as mandated by the constitution.” On that occasion, Minister Nuh was elected as Executive Board period for 2011-2015 approved by 160 member countries on 2 November 2011. Other countries in Asia Pacific who were also elected as Executive Board were the Republic of Korea, Thailand, Afghanistan, Pakistan dan Papua New Guinea. The 36th General Conference welcomed South Sudan and the majority of UNESCO members also welcomed Palestine as 194th and 195th members of UNESCO respectively, also Curacao and Sint Maarten as UNESCO’s 7th and 8th Associate Members. Palestine’s 195th membership in UNESCO was determined through a voting mechanism, with 107 countries endorsing, 14 refusing and 52 abstaining. Countries endorsing Palestine were France, China, Spain, Austria and India, Indonesia and countries in the Middle East. While countries refusing Palestine were the United States, Czech Republic, Sweden, Germany, Australia, Canada, Lituania and Pacific Countries. On the other hand, countries abstaining were England, Singapore, Denmark, Italy, Thailand Japan and Timor Leste. These are some comments and responses from various countries after Palestine’s approval by UNESCO: India and supporter Countries: Welcomed Palestine as a new member of the UNESCO family Abstain Countries: Palestine - Israel issues has been revealing and they need to solve this issues comprehensively. Suggested to UNESCO to focus on main programmes and activities. U.S: Admitting Palestine as a member is
premature. “........ this effort is counter productive, as the only path to a Palestinianian state is through direct negotiations.” U.S National Statement by Under Secretary Education Martha Kanter said. Director General of UNESCO after admitting Palestine as a new member of UNESCO requested that all members continued supporting programmes and activities of UNESCO. DG expected that America as main contibutor of UNESCO will still support UNESCO’s programmes. ......” I believe that UNESCO’s vital work to promote global stability and democratic values is in America’s core interest. The United States is a critical partner in UNESCO’s work. The withholding of US dues and other financial contributions – required by U.S. law – will weaken UNESCO’s effectiveness and endermine its ability to build free and open societies”. Indonesia’s priority targets for UNESCO’s programmes in terms of education, natural sciences, social science, communication and information and cultural. Education: Education for AlL (EFA), education for sustainable development and gender equality International Bureau of Education through development curricula,and International Institute for Educational Planning. Natural Science: Maritime programme, global climate, capacity building basic and engineering science, science and technology for sustainable development. Man and Biosphere, International Hydrology Program, and international Oceanography Committee.
Social Science: Science and technology ethics, promoting human rights, social transformation management, philosophy, democration and Human Security. Management of Social Transformation, and Intergovernmental Biothic Committee. Communication and Information: Freedom Expression, Enhancing Information and Communication Technologies for Education, Knowledge and Culture and Knowledge Society. Information for All Programmes, International Programme for the Development of Communication and Memory of the World. Cultural: Promotion Cultural Diversity, interfaith and Cultural Dialogue, Industry and Cultural Expression. World Heritage Committee, and Intangible Cultural Heritage. *) Fhr
//International Training Program / HLF IV Busan on Aid Effectiveness
“ Aid not giveaways but must be responsible” A new architecture of Aid Effectiveness had been discussed in Busan attended a by a wide range of development stakeholders like developed and developing countries, international and regional organisations, private sectors, parliaments, and civil society. The theme of HLF IV Busan is “Building a New Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation”. H.E. Mr. Lee Myung –bak, President of the Republic of Korea welcomed all Delegates to the Forum in his opening address in the official opening ceremony. President Lee spoke of the challenges on development cooperation in an Era of Globalization and arising importance of developing countries as vital partners for sustainable development. In addition, President Lee shared with the audiences Korea’s Development Experiences and global community growth. Besides, he shared some views on the shape and future of International development cooperation such as: ownership of Partner Countries, Inclusive Development Partnership, Results-Oriented Development Cooperation, Accountable Development Cooperation, and Enhanced Synergy among Global Era. The President of Rwanda, the Secretary General of UN, the Secretary of State/Minister of Foreign Affairs of US, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Korea and Queen Rania of Jordan also came in the opening Forum. In general, they spoke and emphasized the importance of aid effectiveness and those responsible among others are developed and developing countries, private sectors and civil society. The purpose of this Forum is to review achievements and implement the Paris Declaration (2005) and Accra Agenda for Action/AAA (2008 – 2011). Changing the previous paradigm from Aid Effectiveness to Development Effectiveness was also introduced. Participation of the Indonesian delegation was important due to the Jakarta Commitment, an agreement amongst 26 development partners and the Government of Indonesia based on promoting “country driven”, as a part of the implementation of the Paris Declaration. Strengthening South-South Cooperation and Triangular Cooperation (Ssc-Tc), as a vehicle for accelarating aid was also the main discussion/theme during the Busan Forum involving the traditional donors and Emerging Countries. The Forum through the plenary session discussed various themes related to Aid effectiveness issues
Third Country Training Program on Strengthening the Primary Health Care in Maternal and Child Health Handbook
Reduce the number of child mortality
for development. The head delegation of Indonesia, the Minister of National Development Planning was among the panelist. Result and mutual responsibility: Forum suggested to establish Country Result and Accountability Agreements for the purpose of accountability among development partners to maximize assstance results. Performace and indicator outcome and output will be agreed together.
The Third Country Training Program on
Transparency: The imporance of transparency and public information for assistance. Through aid transparency flow in donor countries and fiscal transparency in recipient countries. Managing Diversity and Reduce Fragmentation: the need for coordination to reduce fragmentation and overlapping assistance because of Emerging countries, private sectors, CSO in this time. A strong commitment from recipient countries to take more action on this manner comparing donor countries through establishment country compact or country led initiative, sector approach and formation on pooling fund for the programme. South-South Cooperation and Triangular Cooperation: The awakening of emerging middle income countries as new donor countries to share their knowledge and mutual learning/experience in terms of its capacities to the others. Supporting them to share ‘best practices’ to develop capacities of Least Developed Countries (LCDs). Attracting donors to share their capacity and funding of the programmes from non-pofit international agency is essential. Climate Change: the importance of collaboration on climate change and development for strengthening the related initiative fund on management planning system, and budget in developing countries. Forum HLF-4, UNFCC COP and Rio+20 must be coherent, for instance is the REED programme in Indonesia. Fragile States: The need for assistance to ‘fragile states’ particularly Afghanistan and Timor Leste and new states like South Sudan. Implementation of peacebuilding and statebuilding (PSGs) is aimed at achieving MSGs and sustainable development to them. The HLF IV Busan resulted to the “Busan Partnership for Effectivenes Development Cooperation” ....... *) Fhr.
Participants : Mrs. Phan Thi Quynh Nhu and Mrs. Vu Thi Thuy Huyen (Vietnam), Mrs. Sengdeuane Phouthsavath, Mrs. Dasavanh Manivong and Mrs. Khounnorath Sayavone (Lao PDR), Mrs. Acharai Laila and Mrs. Rharbaoui Houria (Marocco). Observer : Mrs. Sarah Onsasem and Mrs. Rose Micheni (Kenya)
Strengthening the Role of Primary Health Care in Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health (MNCH) Services through Maternal and Child Health Handbook was held by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia on October 8 until 16, 2011. This training was held in Jakarta and Central Java and attended by 7 (seven) participants from Vietnam, Lao PDR and Morocco and also 2 (two) observers from Kenya. The participants are: Mrs. Phan Thi Quynh Nhu and Mrs. Vu Thi Thuy Huyen from Vietnam; Mrs. Sengdeuane Phouthsavath, Mrs. Dasavanh Manivong, and Mrs. Khounnorath Sayavone from Laos; Mrs. Acharai Laila and Mrs. Rharbaoui Houria from Morocco. Besides those participants, the training course was also attended by two observers from Kenya, namely: Mrs. Sarah Onsase and Mrs. Rose Micheni. Besides participants from abroad, the training also was followed by participants from Indonesia, as the representative from the Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia from selected provinces. The number of participants from Indonesia is 15 (fifteen) persons, which is consist of: 3 (three) participants from the Ministry of Health of Indonesia; 8 (eight) participants of maternal and child health program managers from the Provincial Health Office of Central Java, Riau, Riau islands, BangkaBelitung, Bengkulu, East Kalimantan, Papua and East Papua; 2 (two) participants of maternal and child health program managers from the Central Java Provincial Health Office; and 2 (two) participants of maternal and child health program managers from Salatiga Municipality Health Office and Magelang District Health Office. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) dedicated the capacity building in Indonesia mainly in two parts: to support the economic growth and also to spread the social welfare. In line with that, the capacity building is dedicated to increase the economic value through the training course or to improve the human resources’ quality to increase the social welfare. These two parts play the important role to one another, which means that the economy influence
the social welfare, and vice versa. One of the training courses that aimed to increase the social welfare is the MCH training. The training is performed in order to increase the participants’ knowledge and experience in MCH Handbook implementation, to share experiences, best practices and innovation in MCH Handbook implementation from each country. Also, to discuss strategy to increase the MCH service coverage trough collaboration with related program. As the result of the training, all the participants are expected to understand better relevant techniques and knowledge of Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Handbook and also be able to: (1) integrate Maternal Health Services with Neonatal/ Child Health services using MCH Handbook, (2) improve and sustain the coverage and quality of MCH services with the usage of MCH Handbook, particularly through the effort of strengthening Primary Health Care as the first line community health care provider, (3) coordinate with inter-related program to improve and sustain MCH Handbook implementation, and (4) enhance MCH services coverage through support from local government. After all, the purpose of this training are: to provide the participants with the necessary and appropriate knowledge in the field of MCH services, as well as to enhance knowledge of the MCH program managers and/or MCH service providers in MCH handbook implementation, also to share successful experiences and innovations of MCH handbook implementation in each country, and to discuss the strategy to expand the coverage and improve the quality of MCH service through collaboration with related program and related sector. The training is conducted once a year since 2007, under a 5 year (2007-2011) cooperation framework between the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The learning process was conducted through presentation from competent resource person, discussions and field visit to several facilities closely related to Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health Services. (Lrs)
// TRAINING COURSE / The Third Country Training Program on Education for Computer Based Industrial Automation Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institute of Surabaya October 6th – 28th 2011 the concept embedded systems for developing mobile application and develop programming for practice on mobile application.
Design of Modern Industrial with Computer Technology PARTICIPANTS
The closing ceremony of the Third Country
Training Program (TCTP) on Education for Computer Based Industrial Automation was held on October 28th 2011, attended by the representative from JICA Indonesia Office, Mrs. Fitri Arifin; the representative from the Ministry of State Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia, Mrs. Rika Kiswardani and Ms. Pratiwi Larosa, all the participants and the organizing committee. The TCTP was officially closed by Mr. Aries Pratiarso, the Vice Director of Electronic Engineering Polytechnic Institution of Surabaya (EEPIS), and also present was Mr. Ali Ridho Barakbah, as the steering committee chairman. On the closing ceremony, one of the participants, , Mr. Mwangi Kenneth Kimani, from Kenya also gave a speech regarding the TCTP that was held for thelast 28 days.
The TCTP on Education for Computer Based Industrial Automation was held on October 6 – 28, 2011 in Surabaya and Bali. The topic of the training was mobile application development for embedded devices. This year the TCTP was followed by 13 participants from 9 countries of Asia and Africa: Cambodia (2), Vietnam (2), Tanzania (1), Rwanda (1), Kenya (2), Palestine (1), Bangladesh (2), Nepal (1), and Myanmar (1). Meanwhile the purpose of the training was to provide the opportunity to update and upgrade relevant techniques, knowledge and teaching methodology in designing and implementing the application of mobile devices for the participants. At the end of the course, all the participants were expected to have the ability to design and develop the material to use in the computer practice and information technology. The participants also were expected to have an understanding of
Mr. Martin Ngure Juma (Kenya), Mr. Minangi Kenneth Kimani (Kenya), Mr. Md. Shakawat Hossain (Bangladesh), Mrs. Farjana Suzat (Bangladesh), Mr. Ambika Prasad Baral (Nepal), Mr. Issa I. H. Amro (Palestina), Mr. Christian Misobi Budoya (Tanzania), Mr. Benimana Pascal (Rwanda), Mr. Kruysothea (Kamboja), Mrs. Mi Mi Kyaw (Myanmar), Mr. Thourn Kosorl (Kamboja), Mr. Nguyen Van Loi (Vietnam), Mr. Nguyen Vu Anh Quang (Vietnam)
This training is an annual program that is held under the cooperation of the Government of Japan (through Japan International Cooperation Agency/JICA) and the Government of Indonesia based on Japanese Fiscal Year (JFY) 2010 to 2012. The organizing committee in Indonesia was the Computer and Information Engineering Department of EEPIS, and supported by the Ministry of State Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia and also the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The subject of the training, which was developed by EEPIS, included the current and future trend of computer technology and information engineering, also the development and the applied program in the recent days. To complete the training, the organizing committee also took all the participants to visit some of the company and campuses that are related to the subject matters. All the participants are enjoying the course materials as well as the trip to Indonesia. To some of them, this training was a new experience. All of them thanked the Government of Japan, through JICA, and the Government of Indonesia through the Ministry of State Secretariat for the opportunity that was given to them in attending the training course. At the end of the training, all the participants were asked to make an action plan. The action plans that were made by the participants hopefully could be implemented by them in their respective countries once they get back to their home countries. For some of the participants, the action plan making was also considered as a challenge in developing themselves even more. So, when they made the action plan, it benefits their countries and also benefits themselves by being better in their working place. The training also came up with some competitions that tested the ability of the participants to adopt the training’s materials. The competitions were based on the course’s material given in the training. Some winners
were Mr. Martin Ngure Juma, from Kenya as the best participant on embedded programming for robotic navigation, and Mr. Thorn Kosorl from Cambodia was the best participant on topic basic android development. The organizing committee also held a robot race competition that was won by Mr. Kruysothea from Cambodia, Mr. Mwangi Kenneth Kimani from Kenya and again Mr. Thorn Kosorl from Cambodia. All the winners got prizes from the organizing committee. The result of the overall evaluation analysis in the training was based on the training’s relevance, effectiveness and the efficiency. The average percentage for level of relevance is 79% which comprises of two items; relevance to the priority and concerns of target scored 80% and relevance of the course and target countries’ needs scored 78%. It indicated that overall subjects given are relevant to the training’s target, so it is expected that overall subjects will be more applicable in the participants’ countries. Meanwhile, the average percentage for the effectiveness is 83% which comprises of three items: achievement of output 1 scored 85%, achievement of output 2 scored 83% and level of applicability of the courses’ contents scored 80%. It indicated that the outputs and course contents given are acquired effectively by the participants. As the representative of JICA Indonesia Office, Mrs. Fitri Arifin hoped that all the action plans that been presented by all the participants will make better further efforts to develop more appropriate and applicable methods, which will fit to the conditions of each country. Another important aspect of the training would be the establishment of interpersonal networking among the participants across the international boundaries. Mrs. Rika Kiswardani, from the Ministry of State Secretariat said that it would be necessary for all the participants to continue exchanging information domestically and internationally for years to come to support each other, because they’ve been chosen from each country to improve and develop the people in their nations. At the end of the training, all the organizing committee congratulated all the participants for their success completing the training course. All the participants were given certificates and souvenirs as proof of the training course’s completion. (Lrs)
// TRAINING COURSE / Training Course of Artificial Insemination on Dairy Cattle Singosari National Artificial Insemination Center September 26th – October 23rd 2011
Mr. Nihal Premakumara Jayasundara (Sri Lanka), Mr. Tharmalingam Pirabhaharan (Sri Lanka), Mrs. Peris Bosibori Mienci (Kenya), Mr. Haitham Mochammed Salih N. M. (Sudan), Mrs. Mahssin Ibrahim Hamdan (Sudan), Mr. Mohammad Farid Karimi (Afghanistan), Mr. Ahmad Rasool Rasooli (Afghanistan), Mr. Chittavong Intavong (Laos), Mr. Nanda Dulal Tikader (Bangladesh), Mr. MD. Mahbubur Rashid (Bangladesh), Mr. Nou Vonika (Kamboja), Mr. Chen Visal (Kamboja), Mr. Zaw Win Tun (Myanmar), Mrs. Pann Pwint Phyu (Myanmar), Mr. Dao Van Lap (Vietnam), Mr. Ta Van Can (Vietnam), Mr. Armando Fernandes (Timor-Leste), Mrs. Saturnina Maria Da Silva (Timor-Leste), Mr. Motasema S. Alakhras (Palestine)
Develop and Quality Improvement for Dairy Cattle’s Sperm Training course of artificial insemination on dairy cattle for developing countries was held by the Singosari National Artificial Insemination Centre (SNAIC) from September 26th until October 23rd 2011. The training was followed by 19 (nineteen) participants from 11 (eleven) countries; Sri Lanka (2), Kenya (1), Sudan (2), Afghanistan (2), Lao PDR (1), Bangladesh (2), Cambodia (2), Myanmar (2), Vietnam (2), Timor Leste (2) and Palestine (1). Through this training course the participants were expected to upgrade and improve the knowledge and technique of insemination among developing countries and also to give the opportunity to the participants exchanging ideas, information and experience among them. At the end of the training course, it is expected that participants will have knowledge on the implementation of artificial insemination in the field and related fields, such as animal breeding, feeding management, handling frozen semen, animal reproductive and health, animal disorder and its control. The Government of Japan (through Japan International Cooperation Agency/JICA Indonesia office), and the Government of Indonesia (through the Ministry of State Secretariat, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Directorate of Livestock and Animal Health Services) were working together to prepare
the preparation of the training course. The preparations include the selection of the participants, coordination with the Indonesian embassies in each invited countries until the participants arrive in Indonesia. Initially, there were 22 participants from 12 countries nominated to join the training course. But, only 19 participants from 11 countries were present at the course because one participant from Palestine couldn’t come because of serious illness and two participants from Thailand couldn’t come because of the tight schedule of their project at their home country. The training course was applied in three methods of implementation, namely: classroombased lecturers; practice and demonstration in class, laboratory and slaughter house; and applied field practicing. The course mainly took place at the Singosari National Artificial Insemination Center, both for class theory and laboratory practical session. Meanwhile, field practicing was held in three companies, namely: Sumber Makmur Co, Ngantang-Malang; Agroniaga Co, Jabung-Malang; and Batu Co, Batu-Malang. Beside the theory and practicing session, there’s also trip and tour visiting some tourism spots in Malang, Pasuruan and Bali. The course emphasized on managerial skill improvement of each participant on artificial insemination and other related skills. The
subject matter of this course was divided in to three groups: core subject, main subject and supporting subject. When studying about the core subject, all the participants were taught about the livestock policy in Indonesia, Livestock Development Program and Policy on Artificial Insemination in Indonesia, and also the activities of Singosari Artificial Insemination Center. After knowing the core subject, the participants also learned about the main subject of the course, such as: animal breeding, feeding management, animal reproduction, agro terrorism and how to improve animal husbandry, artificial insemination, production of the frozen semen, how to handle frozen semen, organization of artificial insemination, animal obstetrics, dairy product in Indonesia, artificial insemination on goat and rural development on the subjects that matter. To maximize the learning process of each participant, the organizing committee held a pre-test to survey the ability of all participants. And after all the class and practical session were finished, all the participants also were given the post test to measure knowledge improvement. Based on the pre-test and post-test results, the organizing committee found that the course succeeded in improving the participants’ skill. The transfer of
knowledge and skill from the instructors to the participants had been carried out successfully by providing intensive practice in the laboratory and classes. For some of the participants, this training course was a first experience. Being collaborated with participants from other countries maybe is a new situation to them. Besides improving skill and knowledge in artificial insemination matters, all the participants also had to work together with friends from the other country. They were divided into groups and asked to make presentation about field practicing that they learned before. At the end of the training, the participants were also asked to make an action plan that has to be implemented in their home countries. From the results of the training, all the participants were expected to gain self confidence improvement in performing services to their organization, improvement of artificial insemination program in their countries, and also increasing livestock production particularly for dairy cattle. Each of the participant was granted a certificate as a compliment for their successful effort during the training course. (Lrs)
athering event this year of ITEC Alumni Day & the International Students’ Day was conducted on 13 October 2011 at the Indian Embassy, Rasuna Said, Kuningan, Jakarta. Reception was attended by officers of the Indian Embassy and ITEC Alumni who attended various education and training programs in India. Starting the events were dinner, remarks by Councellor (politics) Indian Embassy, Mr. Raveesh Kumar on behalf of Ambassador Mr. Biren Nanda who for not being able to attend due to the preparation of the ASEAN-Indian Meeting in Bali. Before commencing the events officials of related Ministries/institutions, alumni and Mr. Raveesh Kumar did a candlelighting ceremony. On his occasion remarks, Mr. Raveesh Kumar thanked and welcomed all guests particularly the alumni of ITEC who attended in the Embassy office despite the road traffic in Jakarta. He stressesd that India has many capacities for sharing knowledge and experiences and gave the opportunity to Indonesian people to undertake both ITEC and Colombo Plan Programs offered by India. Giving technical assistance is the form of the Indian Govenment’s commitment to other developing countries and contribution in particular as one of the active partners in ASEAN organization. Continuing the remarks was Mr. Pradeep Gupta, second secretary of Indian Embassy (Education). He welcomed all Indonesian people who participated in the education and training programs conducted by the Government of India. He suggested that any person/institution who are interested in Indias’ education and training programs could contact the Indian Embassy. He also stated that this gathering event was a media for
ITEC Alumni Gathering:
Memorizing During staying in India 13th October 2011 maintaining and keeping relationship among the alumni and officials from the Indian embassy and related Ministries, memorizing Indian food and culture in order to recognize more each country’s culture for the purpose fo strengthening bilateral ties between the Government of India and the Government of Indonesia. Some of the Alumni who also delivered speeches namely, Muhammad Yunus Yulkifly, from Indonesia Science Agency, Widia Paramita from University of Jakarta, and Siti Rohmatul Ummah from Batik Association from Yogyakarta. They thanked the opportunity given by the Government of India and the Ministry of State Secretariat for approving the nomination and were impressed for the development of India and its efforts in establishing education and training institutions. India as a model of developing country always sustained in upgrading human resources in various fields without leaving its culture. For instance kare food, kathak dance, taj mahal, and other identity cultures remembered by the Alumni during they stay in India. A good curriculum design and subjects/material of education and training have been brought up by implementing agencies and it would enrich their knowledge after joining the programs. There was an
interesting puzzle by Mr. Kumar. He gave some questions to the Alumni on the Indian culture such as Indian food, music, film, Indian heritages, Indian actors, actress and tourist destination. For the Guests who could answer his question, they were given vouchers for dining in Indian Restaurants. Special performance was “Kathak Dance” and performed by Dr. Rukmini Jaiswal, dance teacher from Jawaharal Nehru Indian culture Centre in Jakarta. Kathak Dance is among the six major classical dances of India and one of the most dynamic theater arts in the world. The word Kathak is derived from Katha, meaning “the art of storytelling”. It is also synonymous with the community of artists known as Kathakas whose hereditary profession was to narrate history while entertaining. With dance, music and mime these were storytellers of ancient times, especially the great Indian epics- the Mahabharata and the Ramayana – and the Puranas of Sanskrit literatures. (Fhr)
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Published by: Bureau for Technical Cooperation Ministry of State Secretariat of The Republic of Indonesia State Secretariat Building 3rd - 4th Floor Jl. MH. Thamrin no. 14 Jakarta, Indonesia phone: (62-21) 391 4477 - 391 4795 fax : (62-21) 391 4169 email: [email protected]
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