March 2017 Displacement Dashboard - ReliefWeb

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Mar 25, 2017 - NATURAL. DISASTER. TOTAL. DISPLACEMENT. TOTAL. RETURN. TOTAL. PRESENTLY. DISPLACED. INCREASE / DECREASE.

March 2017 Displacement Dashboard ISSUE NO. 36 The Mindanao Displacement Dashboard is a monthly publication of the Protection Cluster in Mindanao, Philippines which is co-led by UNHCR with the Department of Social Welfare and Development. This publication aims to provide an overview of the protection environment of displacement incidents in Mindanao for each month. Displacement incidents were collected with the support of Protection Cluster members in Mindanao.

Clan Feud in Palimbang, Sultan Kudarat On 01 March, a firefight between two families in Barangay Langali, Palimbang municipality, Sultan Kudarat province displaced 35 families (approximately 175 persons). The parties are reportedly engaged in a longstanding clan feud rooted in a land dispute. On 03 March, the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) deployed troops to the area to pacify the situation. The local government provided relief assistance; however, IDPs reported that they still have difficulty in meeting their families’ needs. Efforts to reach a settlement between the parties are ongoing. As of this report, the displaced families are staying in Langali Integrated School.

AFP vs. ASG in Sulu On 08 March, 1,290 families (approximately 6,450 persons) were displaced due to continuing military operations against the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) in Sulu province. These comprise 297 families (around 1,485 persons) who were displaced from Parang municipality to nearby coastal barangays, and 993 families (approximately 4,965 persons) who were displaced in Indanan municipality. As of this report, IDPs from Parang have returned to their places of origin, while those coming from Indanan remain displaced. To date, more than 4,000 families (19,734 persons) displaced by armed encounters between military troops and the ASG in August 2016 have returned to their habitual residences. However, based on field monitoring by protection partners, the return may not be sustainable due to ongoing military offensives.

Magpalusong, Maglangit, Patawon and Bonglas in Barangay Cabuyoan, Mabini municipality sought refuge in Cabuyoan Elementary School, while others took shelter with relatives. An improvised explosive device was also reportedly detonated in the area. As of 13 March, the local government unit and the AFP declared the area safe for return of the displaced families. To date, all IDPs have returned to their places of origin.

AFP vs. BIFF in Maguindanao and North Cotabato The increased presence of military troops in the area of Maguindanao known as the SPMS (Salbu, Pagatin, Mamasapano and Shariff Aguak) Box forced 1,218 families (approximately 6,090 persons) to evacuate and move to safer locations. On 13 March, the AFP launched airstrikes against alleged members of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF). Affected families remain displaced in several locations for fear of renewed fighting.

AFP vs. NPA in Kitcharao, Agusan del Norte At least 91 families (approximately 357 persons) were displaced when suspected NPA members attacked a military camp in Kitcharao, Agusan del Norte on 15 March, leading to an armed encounter. The incident forced families to seek refuge in the municipal gym of Barangay Crossing. As of this report, all IDPs have returned to their places of origin.

Clan feud in Sultan sa Barungis, Maguindanao Floods in Lamitan City, Basilan On 09 March, at least 2,779 families (approximately 13,895 persons) were displaced due to flooding in 11 barangays of Lamitan City, Basilan province. Displaced families sought refuge in Datu Dizal Convention Center, Sengal Covered Court, Colonia National High School, and Barangay Balobo. According to the City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office, there was an abrupt increase in water level (from 4 to 10) in 10 barangays, while the water level in Barangay Kulay Bato reached 20 meters. This resulted in some residents getting trapped by the water surge, and prompted the city government to declare a state of calamity. As of this report, all displaced families have returned to their habitual residences.

On 18 March, a firefight erupted between two groups who are both allegedly affiliated with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in Sitio Damabago, Barangay Barurao, Sultan sa Barungis municipality in Maguindanao province. This triggered the displacement of approximately 200 families (estimated 1,000 persons), who sought refuge with host families. A civilian was also reportedly hit by a stray bullet during the incident. On 21 March, the International Monitoring Team (IMT) and religious leaders facilitated a ceasefire agreement between the parties involved in the dispute. However, the IDPs remain hesitant to return because of fear that fighting could flare up again at any time. To date, there is no verified information yet regarding their return.

AFP vs. NPA in Antipas, North Cotabato AFP vs. NPA in Mabini, Compostela Valley A firefight between the AFP and the New People’s Army (NPA) on 11 March displaced 155 families (approximately 775 persons) in Mabini municipality, Compostela Valley province. According to the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, the evacuation was triggered by airstrikes and bombing following the armed encounter. Majority of the families displaced from the sitios (sub-villages) of

On 23 March, around 200 families (approximately 1,000) were displaced in Antipas, North Cotabato due to alleged NPA presence and recruitment activities. They stayed in evacuation centers in Barangays Camutan and Datu Agod in the same municipality. On 24 March, the municipal government declared the affected areas safe for return after the police and military had “cleared” these locations. However, IDPs are reportedly reluctant to return for fear of the NPA. To date, there is no verified information regarding their return. PAGE 1 OF 2

UNHCR Mindanao, Philippines I

Rosary Heights 6 , Cotabato City, Philippines I

+63 (64) 421 7945

I

[email protected] I

www.unhcr.ph

March 2017 Displacement Dashboard ISSUE NO. 36 The Mindanao Displacement Dashboard is a monthly publication of the Protection Cluster in Mindanao, Philippines which is co-led by UNHCR with the Department of Social Welfare and Development. This publication aims to provide an overview of the protection environment of displacement incidents in Mindanao for each month. Displacement incidents were collected with the support of Protection Cluster members in Mindanao.

AFP vs. NPA in Marilog, Davao City On 25 March, 160 families (approximately 800 persons) were displaced due to an armed encounter between the AFP and NPA in Barangay Suawan, Marilog, Davao City. The IDPs sought refuge in a covered basketball court within the barangay. The Davao City Social Welfare and Development Office provided them with food packs. As of 27 March, the IDPs have returned to their habitual residences.

Clan feud in Guindulungan, Maguindanao On 25 March 2017, 86 families (approximately 430 persons) were forcibly displaced in Barrio Muslim, Guindulungan municipality, Maguindanao province, due to firefights between two conflicting families. Reportedly, an increased presence of government troops and alleged military occupation of parts of Barrio Muslim were observed by residents prior to the incident. This follows earlier incidents within the same municipality, including displacement in the same barangay on 05 March. All IDPs were reportedly staying with host families and have not received government assistance. They expressed concern about possible destruction of or damage to their agricultural assets. Another firefight had reportedly occurred in Barangay Kalumamis, also in Guindulungan, on 04 March between the same parties. Approximately 1,750 persons (350 families) were displaced and sought refuge in Sitio Sampao, Barangay Tambunan 2 in Guindulungan. Around 14 houses were reportedly burned in connection with the incident.

Clan feud in Carmen, North Cotabato On 25 March, 20 families (approximately 100 persons) fled their homes after a firefight erupted in Gen. Luna, Carmen municipality, North Cotabato province, between two rival families who are believed to be affiliated with different armed groups (MILF and Moro National Liberation Front, respectively). Displaced families fled to safer ground and put up shanties along the highway. By 28 March, the IDPs had returned to their habitual residences. As of this report, resolution of the dispute is under way, while government forces have put up a military detachment in the area until the conflict is fully settled.

AFP vs. NPA in Mati City, Davao Oriental

On 30 March, 809 families (approximately 4,045 persons) were displaced in Mati City, Davao Oriental province due to a firefight between the AFP and NPA in Barangay Tagbinunga, Mati City. A total of 1,297 families were affected in four barangays (Buso, Don Martin Marundan, Don Salvador Lopez and Tagbinonga), including those who were forced to leave their habitual residences and sought refuge in evacuation centers. The local government has provided relief assistance to the displaced families. As of this report, 479 families (approximately 2,345 persons) in Barangays Buso, Don Martin Marundan and Tagbinonga have already returned to their places of origin. However, IDPs from Barangay Don Salvador Lopez refuse to return to their habitual residences due to fear and continuing threat of armed encounters.

As of this report, displaced families in Barangay Tambunan 2 have returned to their habitual residences while those in Barrio Muslim remain displaced.

PAGE 2 OF 2

UNHCR Mindanao, Philippines I

Rosary Heights 6 , Cotabato City, Philippines I

+63 (64) 421 7945

I

[email protected] I

www.unhcr.ph

MARCH 2017 DISPLACEMENT DASHBOARD ISSUE NO. 36 The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement note that “internally displaced persons are persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border.”

8

Durable Solutions - UNHCR with Protection Cluster members continue to identify communities that are subjected to protracted displacement over the course of the year to ensure all IDPs are identified and the appropriate attention and resources can be obtained to support finding a durable solution to their displacement.

AFP VS NPA ARMED CONFLICT IN ANTIPAS, NORTH COTABATO

1,000 0 1,000

CURRENT NUMBER OF IDPS IN NEED OF DURABLE SOLUTION

129,415

TOTAL NO. OF PERSONS WHO ARE PRESENTLY DISPLACED IN MINDANAO SINCE 2012 - MARCH 2017

53,036

presently displaced due to

76,379

presently displaced due to

100 100 0

NATURAL DISASTER

100%

6,090 0 6,090

CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE incidents with displacement

NATURAL DISASTER

incidents with displacement

TOTAL SINCE JANUARY 2017

DISPLACEMENT (persons)

INCIDENTS

22,972

29

50,109

1

13,895

5

401,390

ESTIMATED NUMBER OF PERSONS WHO HAVE RETURNED

21,507

IDPs IN MARCH IN NEED OF DURABLE SOLUTIONS

15,360

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

IX 17,530

13,895 13,895 0

TOTAL RETURN

TOTAL PRESENTLY DISPLACED

SOURCES: Protection Cluster Mindanao

CONFLICT

NATURAL DISASTER

17,530 |

|

INCREASE / DECREASE IN IDP MOVEMENT COMPARED TO PREVIOUS MONTH

CREATION DATE: 7 April 2017

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

SURIGAO DEL SUR

0

MISAMIS ORIENTAL

AGUSAN DEL NORTE

17,530

MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL

LANAO DEL NORTE

ZAMBOANGA DEL SUR

ZAMBOANGA SIBUGAY

NORTH COTABATO

ARMM GUINDULUNGAN

ARMM 32,545

BASILAN

32,545 |

TAWI-TAWI

AFP VS ASG ARMED ENCOUNTER IN INDANAN, SULU

6,450 1,485 4,965

23%

77% % OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

REGIONAL BOUNDARY

FEEDBACK:

[email protected]

2,180 1,750 430

1

XI 78,079

CITY OF MATI SULTAN SA BARONGIS

1,700 | SULTAN KUDARAT

0

PALIMBANG

REGION XII

76,379

PROTRACTED DISPLACEMENT

76,379

SOUTH COTABATO

0

SULU

DAVAO ORIENTAL

DAVAO DEL SUR

MAGUINDANAO

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

The number of presently displaced persons is due to Typhoon Bopha (Pablo).

REGION XI MABINI

ANTIPAS

LAMITAN

58%

DAVAO DEL NORTE

LANAO DEL SUR

COMPOSTELA VALLEY

CITY OF ISABELA

42%

BUKIDNON

REGION IX

0%

0

4,045 2,345 1,700

REGION XIII

REGION X

ZAMBOANGA DEL NORTE

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

|

VS NPA ARMED CONFLICT IN 12 AFP MATI CITY, DAVAO ORIENTAL

AGUSAN DEL SUR

0

PROTRACTED DISPLACEMENT

100%

86

86

0

SARANGANI

FEUD IN GUINDULUNGAN, 10 CLAN MAGUINDANAO

2

0%

PROTRACTED DISPLACEMENT

PROTRACTED DISPLACEMENT

FLOODS IN LAMITAN CITY, BASILAN

INDANAN

LEGEND

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT

0

PROTRACTED DISPLACEMENT

Note: The figures appearing in this document are not comprehensive. The data pertain to those collected by Protection Cluster Partners and collated by UNHCR since 2012.

XIII 86

CAMIGUIN

CARMEN

DISPLACEMENT MOVEMENT IN MARCH 2017

36,867

775 775 0

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

MARILOG

3

AFP VS. NPA ARMED CONFLICT IN MABINI, COMPOSTELA VALLEY

KITCHARAO

X 0

DISPLACEMENT (persons)

13

TOTAL DISPLACEMENT IN MARCH 2017

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

The number of presently displaced persons is due to armed conflict between AFP vs MNLF in September 2013 in Zamboanga City.

AFP VS BIFF IN MAGUINDANAO AND NORTH COTABATO

NUMBER OF INCIDENTS CAUSING DISPLACEMENT (see details in boxes) INCIDENTS

100%

4

0%

SURIGAO DEL NORTE

CLARIFICATIONS

TOTAL IN MARCH 2017

357 357 0

DINAGAT ISLANDS

11

5

AFP VS NPA ARMED CONFLICT IN KITCHARAO, AGUSAN DEL NORTE

CLAN FEUD IN CARMEN, NORTH COTABATO

CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE

Typhoon Pablo displacement - A large number of IDPs remain displaced from Typhoon Pablo in December 2012 in Eastern Mindanao, Region XI and are still in need of a durable solution. Many of these families remain in temporary shelters where local authorities have been slowly obtaining access to land and constructing permanent housing for these IDPs. As of October 2015, there are still an estimated 76,379 IDPs in need of a durable solution in this region.

6

9

XII 1,175

1,175 |

20%

AFP AND NPA ARMED CONFLICT IN MARILOG, DAVAO CITY

800 800 0

0

PROTRACTED DISPLACEMENT

0

80% % OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

CLAN FEUD IN PALIMBANG, SULTAN KUDARAT

175 0 175

100%

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

7

0%

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

CLAN FEUD IN SULTAN SA BARUNGIS, MAGUINDANAO

1,000 0 1,000

100%

% OF RETURN AND PRESENTLY DISPLACED POPULATION TO THE TOTAL DISPLACED POPULATION

I

Scale 1:3,500,000 0

12.5

25

50

Kilometers

DISCLAIMER: The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.