Course Description Course Objectives Required Reading Grades ...

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M, W, F 9:05-9:55 ... Students can review their exams during office hours or by appointment. Your final grade will be determined as follows: ... University Honor Code/Academic Honesty Policy ... American Political Science Review 95: 845- 858.

INTL4240 M, W, F 9:05-9:55 Danny Hill Office Hrs: M,W 2:00-4:00 p.m.

International Organizations MLC 247 Dept. of International Affairs Office: Candler 319

Fall 2012 Prerequisites/Corequisites: None [email protected]

Course Description This course deals with the role of international institutions, broadly defined, in overcoming obstacles to international cooperation. We will cover formal and informal institutions, as well as international law, with emphasis on their capacity to induce international cooperation.

Course Objectives This is not a history course. The purpose of this course is not to trace the devlopment of particular international organizations. Rather, the goal is to understand the role of international institutions in facilitating cooperation among governments across a broad range of policy areas. Topics covered include international trade, monetary policy, environmental regimes, military alliances, the laws of war, conflict intervention, and international human rights law.

Required Reading There will be no textbook in this class. There will be 2-4 articles/book chapters for every week. All readings will be posted on blackboard. Students are expected to read the assigned material and come to class prepared to discuss the day’s readings.

Grades Grades will be posted on Blackboard. Students can review their exams during office hours or by appointment. Your final grade will be determined as follows: Exam 1: 20% Exam 2: 20% Exam 3: 20% Final Exam: 20% Response Essay: 10% Class Participation: 10% Grade Distribution:

94-100: A 90-93: A-

87-89: B+ 77-79: C+ 67-69: D+ 83-86: B 73-76: C 63-66: D 80-82: B- 70-73: C- 60-62: D59 and below: F

Examinations Exams will be multiple choice with two essay questions. The exams will cover the assigned readings and lecture. There will be four exams including the final. Only the final exam will be cumulative.


Participation Students are expected to read the assigned material and be prepared to discuss it in class. 10% of your grade will be determined by your participation in class discussion. Every week a different group of students will be responsible for preparing discussion questions based on the assigned readings.

Response Essay Each week the students responsible for discussion questions will also be required to submit a critical essay (2 pages, single spaced) on the week’s readings. The essay should summarize the authors’ main points AND evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the argument (and evidence, if any) being presented.

Makeup Exams Unexcused absences from exams will result in a zero for the assignment. To qualify for a makeup test or quiz a student must provide advance notice and/or documentation of illness, required university activity, or personal emergency.

Course Website and Email Can be accessed through You will need to check this site regularly for any syllabus updates or for posted readings. Announcements may also be sent out via email. It is your responsibility to check blackboard for syllabus updates.

Syllabus Change Policy The course syllabus is a general plan for the course; deviations announced to the class by the instructor may be necessary.

Students with Disabilities Students with disabilities who require reasonable accommodations in order to participate in course activities or meet course requirements should contact the instructor or designate during regular office hours or by appointment.

University Honor Code/Academic Honesty Policy As a University of Georgia student, you have agreed to abide by the University’s academic honesty policy, “A Culture of Honesty,” and the Student Honor Code. All academic work must meet the standards described in “A Culture of Honesty” found at: Lack of knowledge of the academic honesty policy is not a reasonable explanation for a violation. Questions related to course assignments and the academic honesty policy should be directed to the instructor.

Other Policies The classroom is a forum for (pertinent) discussion. Everyone is encouraged to partake in classroom discussions. Dialogue should be lively, civil and engaging. All points of view are to be tolerated (within reason). In order to facilitate such a dialogue, students are required to turn off and put away cell phones, iPods, any other electronic devices and unrelated materials (i.e. from other classes) during class.


Reading Schedule Week 1: Intro, Dueling “isms” Aug 13: Syllabus Review, class overview. No reading. Aug 15: Mearsheimer, John. 1994. “The False Promise of International Institutions.” International Security 19: 5-49. Aug 17: Keohane, Robert O. and Lisa L. Martin. 1995. “The Promise of Institutionalist Theory.” International Security 20: 39-51.

Week 2: Cooperation, Bargaining, Institutional Design Aug 20: Fearon, James. 1998. “Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation.” International Organization 52: 269-305. Aug 22: Koremenos, Barbara, Charles Lipson, and Duncan Snidal. 2001. “The Rational Design of International Institutions.” International Organization 55: 761-799. Aug 24: Abbott, Kenneth and Duncan Snidal. 2000. “Hard and Soft Law in International Governance.” International Organization 54: 421-456.

Week 3: Compliance Aug 27: Chayes, Abram, and Antonia Handler Chayes. 1993. “On Compliance.” International Organization 47: 175-205. Aug 29: Downs, George W., David M. Rocke, and Peter N. Barsoom. 1996. “Is the Good News About Compliance Good News About Cooperation?” International Organization 50: 379-406. Aug 31: Simmons, Beth. 1998. “Compliance With International Agreements.” Annual Review of Political Science 1: 75-93.

Week 4: International Organizations and Social Norms Sept 3: Labor Day, no class Sept 5: Barnett, Michael, and Martha Finnemore. 1999. “The Politics, Power, and Pathologies of International Organizations." International Organization 53: 699-732. Sept 7: Finnemore, Martha. 1993. “International Organizations as Teachers of Norms." International Organization 47: 565-597.

Week 5: International Trade Sept 10: Exam 1 Sept 12: Milner, Helen V. 1999. “The Political Economy of International Trade.” Annual


Review of Political Science 2: 91-114. Sept 14: Kucik, Jeffrey, and Eric Reinhardt. “Does Flexibility Promote Cooperation? An Application to the Global Trade Regime.” International Organization 62: 477-505. Busch, Mark L., and Eric Reinhardt. “Developing Countries and GATT/WTO Dispute Settlement.” Journal of World Trade 37: 719-735.

Week 6: International Monetary Institutions Sept 17: Krueger, Anne O. 1998 “Whither the World Bank and the IMF?” Journal of Economic Literature 36: 1983-2020. Sept 19: Przeworski, Adam, and James Raymond Vreeland. 2000. “The Effect of IMF Programs on Economic Growth.” Journal of Development Economics 62: 385-421. Sept 21: Dreher, Axel, and Nathan M. Jensen. 2007. “Independent Actor or Agent? An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of US Interests on IMF Conditions. ” The Journal of Law and Economics 50: 105-124. Dreher, Axel, and Martin Gassebner. 2012. “Do IMF and World Bank Programs Induce Government Crises?” International Organization 66: 329-358.

Week 7: The UN Security Council Sept 24: Voeten, Erik. 2000. “Outside Options and the Logic of Security Council Action.” American Political Science Review 95: 845-858. Sept 26: Voeten, Erik. 2005. “The Political Origins of the UN Security Council’s Ability to Legitimize the Use of Force.” International Organization 59: 527-557. Sept 28: Thompson, Alexander. 2006. “Coercion through IOs: The Security Council and the Logic of Information Transmission.” International Organization 60: 1-34.

Week 8: Military Alliances Oct 1: Morrow, James D. 2000. “Alliances: Why Write them Down?” Annual Review of Political Science 3: 63-83. Oct 3: Gibler, Doug, and John A. Vasquez. 1999. “Uncovering the Dangerous Alliances, 1495-1980.” International Studies Quarterly 42: 785-807. Leeds, Brett Ashley. 2003. “Do Alliances Deter Aggression? The Influence of Military Alliances on the Initiation of Militarized Interstate Disputes.” American Journal of Political Science 47: 427-439. Oct 5: Leeds, Brett Ashley. 2003. “Alliance Reliability in Times of War: Explaining the Decision to Violate Treaties.” American Political Science Review 97: 75-90.

Week 9: Environmental Regimes


Oct 8: Exam 2 Oct 10: Downs, George W. 2000. “Constructing Effective Environmental Regimes.” Annual Review of Political Science 3: 25-42. Oct 12: von Stein, Jana. 2008. “The International Law and Politics of Climate Change.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 52: 243-268.

Week 10: The Laws of War Oct 15: Morrow, James D. “The Institutional Features of the Prisoners of War Treaties.” International Organization 55: 971-991. Oct 17: Morrow, James D. 2007. “When do States Follow the Laws of War?” American Political Science Review 101: 559-572. Oct 19: Rudolph, Christopher. 2001. “Constructing an Atrocities Regime: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals.” International Organization 55: 655-691. Roper, Steven D. and Barria, Lilian A. 2007. “Donor Motivations and Contributions to War Crimes Tribunals.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 51: 285-304.

Week 11: International Courts Oct 22: Simmons, Beth, and Allison Danner. 2010. “Credible Commitments and the International Criminal Court.” International Organization 64: 225-256. Oct 24: Helfer, Laurence, and Erik Voeten. 2012. “International Courts as Agents of Legal Change: Evidence from LGBT Rights in Europe.” Working Paper. Staton, Jeffrey K., and Will H. Moore. “Judicial Power in Domestic and International Politics.” International Organization 65: 553-588. Oct 26: Fall Break, no class

Week 12: Conflict Intervention Oct 29: Kuperman, Alan. 2008. “The Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention: Lessons from the Balkans.” International Studies Quarterly 52: 49-80. Oct 31: Fortna, Virginia. 2003. “Inside and Out: Peacekeeping and the Duration of Peace after Civil and Interstate Wars.” International Studies Review 5: 97-114. Fortna, Virginia. 2004. “Does Peacekeeping Keep the Peace?” International Studies Quarterly 48: 269-292. Nov 2: Krain, Matthew. 2005. “International Intervention and the Severity of Genocides and Politicides.” International Studies Quarterly 49: 363-388.

Week 13: International Human Rights Law I


Nov 5: Hathaway, Oona. 2002. “Do Human Rights Treaties Make a Difference?” Yale Law Journal 111, skim. Nov 7: Vreeland, James. 2008. “Political Institutions and Human Rights: Why Dicatatorships Enter Into the United Nations Convention Against Torture.” International Organization 62: 65-101. Nov 9: Powell, Emilia and Jeffrey Staton. 2009. “Domestic Judicial Institutions and Human Rights Treaty Violation.” International Studies Quarterly 53:149-174. Hathaway, Oona. 2007. “Why do Countries Commit to Human Rights Treaties?” Journal of Conflict Resolution 51: 588-621.

Week 14: International Human Rights Law II Nov 12, 14: Simmons, Beth. 2009. Mobilizing for Human Rights. Cambridge Press, chap 4. Nov 16: Exam 3

Thanksgiving Break: Nov 19-23

Week 15: Topic TBA Nov 26: Nov 28: Nov 30:

Week 16: Dec 3: Final Exam Review FINAL EXAM: Mon, December 10, 8:00 - 11:00 a.m.