The coral reef crisis - CiteSeerX

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algae (zooxanthellae), on which they rely for energy and growth. (Muscatine, 1973 .... decreases pH (Feely et al., 2004; Raven et al., 2005). ..... pens, the substrate may become covered with blue–green cyano- ..... reefs: review and synthesis.
Marine Pollution Bulletin 58 (2009) 1428–1436

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The coral reef crisis: The critical importance of